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Digital Transcription by Chris Partington, 2012

This is based on an OCR rendition, very much tweaked but sadly still probably containing errors in the dates, as that is what seems to have fooled the OCR most often. Also some page numbers got lost and the original has some page layout features which OCR has not always, despite generally good results, coped with successfully.So...

**You should cross-check with the original before quoting from this edition**

A PDF facsimile copy of the original book can be found HERE


FK's corrections and additions have been removed from the end of the book and incorporated into the text for convenience.


Part 3 of transcription

BRITISH MUSIC PUBLISHERS, PRINTERS AND ENGRAVERS:

 

English Provincial, Scottish and Irish Publishers

 

FROM QUEEN ELIZABETH'S REIGN TO GEORGE THE FOURTH'S,

 

WITH SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LISTS OF MUSICAL WORKS PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WITHIN THAT PERIOD.

 

BY FRANK KIDSON




ENGLISH PROVINCIAL PUBLISHERS

 

 

 

Bath.

 

Lintern, J. & W. Abbey Church Yard. They were music sellers and agents for Cahusac & Sons upon whose imprints their names frequently appear. They published occasionally one work being : " Ten Country Dances, and four Cotillions... for 1797, printed for and sold at J. & W. Lintern's Music Warehouse, Bath," oblong 4to. (British Museum.)

 

Loder, John David. A violinist of repute, who was born at Bath in 1793, and died in 1846. He had a music shop at 46, Milsom Street, and published from here pieces of sheet music. One series (about 1820) is " Loder's edition of Handel's Songs... carefully adapted from the full score, by J. W. Windsor. Bath, printed and sold by J. D. Loder, at his music and musical instrument warehouse, 46, Milsom Street," folio. His engraved label, also bearing this address, is found pasted on sheet music. There was also another of the same musical family, A. Loder, who had about the same period a music shop at 4, Orange Grove.

 

White, John Charles. 1, Milsom Street, and 3, George Street, published, about 1818-20, " The Dandy Beaux," "Vulcan's Cave," and other sheet dance music, as well as vocal pieces ; much of it composed by the publisher himself.

 

Birmingham.

 

Broome, Michael. At the sign of Purcell's Head, Colmer Row ; seems to have been an engraver who published several books of music. I am acquainted with the following :

C. 1750 A Choice Collection of twenty four Psalm Tunes, all in four parts, and fifteen Anthems, by different authors. .The whole collected, engraved, and printed by Michael Broome, music and copper plate printer, in Colmer Row, near St. Phillip's Church, Birmingham. (British Museum.) 1753 A Collection of Twenty eight Psalm Tunes, in four parts, by several authors, printed to the new version of the Psalms for

 

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the use of the Churches and Chapels in and near Birmingham collected, printed, and sold by M. Broome, Birmingham, 1753, 8vo. (British Museum.)

1757 The Catch Club collected, printed, and sold by Michael

 

Broome, near St. Phillip's Church, Birmingham, 1757. (A copy in the library of Mr. S. Reay, Newark.)

Smith, Wm. Hawkes. Temple Street, published at least two humorous sheet songs with music. The titles and body of these are quaintly illustrated and the whole is done in lithography. The two in my own library are " Quadrilling, a favourite song, ascribed to the authors of Rejected Addresses,' the decorations designed and executed by William Hawkes Smith, Birmingham Printed by the lithographic process by W. Hawkes Smith, Temple Street, 1820." The other is " Washing Day, a proper new ballad for wet weather," similar imprint. An enterprising firm of soap manufacturers seized upon this latter and re-issued it as an advertisement some few years ago.

 

Woodward. " Musical instrument maker and music seller, Birmingham " engraved label pasted on sheet music about 1790. ,

 

Bristol.

 

Howell. His name as music seller occurs on London published sheet music about 1800. A curious shaped violin bears the label T. Howell, Bristol, 1836. He lived in St. John's Street about 1790.

 

Smith, A. P. Another Bristol music seller whose name is given on a Birmingham sheet song "The Washing Day," circa 1820.

 

Cambridge.

 

Barford, M. Union Street, a music engraver, copper plate printer, and music seller. He published about 1798 " Barford's Collection of Rondos, Airs, Marches, Songs, etc., for the Pianoforte, Violin, and German Flute," 4 books, oblong 4to.

 

Wynne. A music seller whose name is engraved on Edward Miller's "Elegies," published by Mrs. Johnson, Cheapside, circa 1765.

 

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Cheltenham.

 

Hale, C. 385, High Street. He published at least two books of dances : " Hale's Selection of Quadrilles, Waltzes, and Dances, composed and arranged for the pianoforte or harp," oblong 4to, with a view of the gardens on title.

 

Gloucester

 

Raikes, R. He was, there is reason to believe, the father of Robert Raikes, the founder of Sunday Schools. The elder Raikes was born in 1690 at Hessle, near Hull, and began life as a printer at York. On removing to Gloucester he founded the " Gloucester Journal." The only musical work bearing his imprint that I know of is in Mr. Taphouse's collection : " Two Cantatas and Six Songs, set to music by B. Gunn, organist of the Cathedral in Gloucester. Gloucester, printed by R. Raikes, 1736," 4to, title in type printing, music engraved.

 

Greenwich

 

Martin, C. Published a sheet song : " In Airy Dreams, a favourite song and duet, printed and sold by C. Martin, Greenwich," circa 1795.

Great Milton.

 

Wilkins, Mathew. Published : " A Book of Psalmody, containing a choice collection of Psalm-Tunes, Hymns, and Anthems, in 2, 3, and 4 parts, by the best masters collected, printed, taught and sold by Mathew Wilkins, of Great Milton, near Thame, Oxfordshire," oblong 8vo., circa 1740-50, engraved.

 

Halifax

 

Jacobs, E. A printer and bookseller who published a very excellent song book, having the airs 'to the songs printed from music type. This was: "The Yorkshire Musical Miscellany, comprising an elegant selection of the most admired songs in the English language set to music. ..Halifax, printed by E. Jacobs, and may be had of

 

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Binns, Leeds; Peck, York... 1800," 8vo. Another work is " Sacred Music, consisting of a new book of Psalmody by the Rev. John Chatham... the whole carefully corrected and revised by Mr. Stopford, organist of Halifax, printed and sold at Jacobs' office, near the new Market, 1811," 8vo ; music printed from type. These are the only musical works I have found having his imprint. In 1822, E. Jacobs had given place to James Jacobs.

 

Huddersfield.

 

Lancashire, J. He printed and published a small volume of songs with the airs printed from type, asunder, " The Musical Cabinet, being a selection of the most admired English, Scotch, and Irish Songs, with the music. ..Huddersfield, printed and sold by J. Lancashire," 12mo, circa 1814.

 

Leeds.

 

Livesey, Christopher. A Leeds engraver, who, about 1790, engraved several musical works for Henry Hamilton, a music master and composer. One of these is a folio of nine pages : " Four Airs for the Harpsichord, Pianoforte, and Organ, composed by Henry Hamilton, organist, printed for and sold by the author, by Mr. Binns, and Mr. Porter, Leeds engraved by Chr. Livesey, Leeds," folio. Another, a folio sheet, with watermark 1801, is " The Duke of York's New March by H. Hamilton, and published by permission of his Royal Highness the Duke of York, sold by the author, and at Mr. Porter's shop, Leeds ; Livesey, Sc, Leeds." Another song sheet by Hamilton, watermark 1810, is: "Hymns, by the Countess of Essex, published by H. Hamilton." Henry Hamilton, the composer, was a musician and a teacher ; his address in 1817 and 1822 was at 8, Low St. Peter's St. Christopher Livesey, the engraver, afterwards associated himself with Butterworth, a well known Leeds engraver. Edward Porter, the music seller and bookseller, had a shop, about 1790, in Briggate, but in 1798 he had removed to Lower Head Row where, with changes of number, he still remained up to 1837. Porter's stamp is frequently found on music, but I have, as yet, discovered no piece of music which he himself published.

 

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Muff, Joshua. He was at one time the principal music seller in Leeds. Before 1817 he held the shop, 17, Commercial Street, now part of the premises of Mr. Jackson, bookseller. Somewhere about 1825, he removed nearer Briggate. 12, Commercial Street, a shop at the corner of Land's Lane, at one time held by Butterworth & Hope, engravers. He removed again to 16, Commercial Street, where, before his retirement from business, he was an insurance agent and a manufacturer of printer's brass rules. About 1846, he sold his business to Messrs. Simms, pianoforte dealers and music sellers, and retired to his house at Headingley. Mr. Muff was a precise old gentleman, and, if I mistake not, a quaker. Muff published many musical pieces in sheet form and in larger gatherings, as :

C. 1816-7 The Leeds Quadrilles, as danced at the Assemblies; for the pianoforte, violin, etc., by R. Willis, published by the author and may be had at his house in Providence Row, oblong 4to.

1817 A Set of Six Quadrilles, by R. Willis, I.eeds J. Muff, Commercial Street, folio (preface dated 1817).

C. 1818-9 No. 1 of an Original Set of Psalm and Hymn Tunes, adapted for the use of Churches, Chapels, and Sunday Schools .... by James Ellis, Horsforth, near Leeds. Published by the author and may be had of Mr. Muff, Mr. Sykes, and Mr. Booth, Leeds," oblong 4to.

C. 1820 Sacred Harmony, being an entire new set of Psalm Tunes, adapted to all the various measures contained in the old, the new, and Dr. Watts' edition of the Psalms, by B Clifford, late 1st West York Militia. Leeds, published by W. Clifford, and may be had of Mr. Muff, Mr. Porter, and Mr. Booth, Leeds, oblong 4tu.

C. 1815 The Fall of Paris, a favourite Quick Step, as performed by the Duke of Gloster's band ; Leeds, published by I. Muff, 17, Commercial Street, half sheet folio; at the back is " March in Blue Beard."

C. 1815 The Celebrated Irish Melody ; Fly not Yet, newly adapted for the pianoforte or harp, by J. White, the words by a Lady. Leeds, printed and sold by J. Muff, 17, Commercial Street, folio sheet song in imitation of Thomas Moore's well known lyric.

 

Sykes. The Sykes family has been for a long time associated with the Leeds music trade, and the business founded by the earlier branches is still in existence. In 1817 William Sykes dealt in music at 18, Burley Bar, and in 1822 with additional premises Nos. 16 and 18. In 1826, as Sykes & Son, the firm is at 72, Briggate, with the premises still held at Burley Bar (Guildford St.), and shortly before 1837 they remove to 21, Boar Lane. Either the number is

 

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altered or they again change shops, being, in 1845, at 30, Boar Lane (on the south side of the street), and here John Sykes remained until after 1861. The present shop, which has been held for a long time, is at the corner of Bond Street and Albion Street. Sykes & Sons published several musical works ; the ones I have seen are :

1828 Modulus Sanctus, a collection of Sacred Music, arranged for I or 4 voices, with an accompaniment for the organ or pianoforte, by John Greenwood, late organist of the Parish Church, Leeds. Leeds, published by Sykes & Sons, at their music warehouse, 72, Briggate, 410 ; printed date on cover 1828.

1830 A Seventh set of Hymn Tunes, to which is added a few suitable for Christmas, by John Fawcett, late of Kendal ; Leeds, Sykes & Sons, 1830, oblong 4to, with folio frontispiece.

C. 1830 Robert's Melodia Sacra, for 1 or 4 voices, arranged by John Fawcett, late of Kendal ; Leeds, Sykes & Sons ; London, Goulding, 20, Soho Square, and Clementi & Co., oblong 4to.

 

Wright, Thomas. He printed, so far as I have been able to ascertain, the first Leeds musical work and this was in 1787. The book is an edition of Chetham's Psalmody, with the music portion cut in wood. These wood blocks had been used for a prior edition of the same work, dated 1752, and which, though bearing a London imprint, was " Printed for Joseph Lord, at Wakefield " ; most likely indeed there printed. The title and imprint of Wright's work is as follows :

1787 A Book of Psalmody, containing a variety of tunes for all the common metres of the Psalms in the old and new versions . . with chanting tunes . . and fifteen Anthems, all set in four parts, nth edition, by the Rev, John Chetham. Leeds, printed by and for Thomas Wright, and for John Binns and Wm. Fawdington, Leeds. . 1787, 8vo. (In my own library)

Thomas Wright had, in 1798, an establishment at "New Street End," and Wm. Fawdington had a shop (in the same year) under the Moot Hall. He was a volunteer in a newly raised corps. John Binns, the most famous bookseller of the trio, had a shop near the corner of Duncan Street, in Briggate, where he sold new and old books, besides being a printer and publisher. He was proprietor and printer of the " Leeds Mercury," and died in 1796.

 

Another early Leeds music seller who may have published works was William Booth, who, in 1809, had a shop in Mill Hill. In 1817, he was styled maker of musical instru-

 

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ments, at 58, Mill Hill; in 1822, as a Violin and Violoncello maker, 57, Mill Hill. He took his sons into partnership, and the firm had many changes of address. In 1861 Edward Booth, the son, was in the Central Market. The family ranked in the early Leeds musical circles.

Though considerably after the period covered by the present work, mention may be here made of John Swallow, a music type printer, who, before 1837 to after 1861, had premises in the Corn Exchange. He issued several notable works, as : " A Collection of Glees, etc.," in oblong quarto, and "The Deliverance of Israel from Babylon, by Wm. Jackson, of Masham." This is a bulky folio, type printed, and dedicated to Prince Albert.

 

Liverpool

 

Hime. There were two brothers of this name in the music trade : M. Hime, who established a large business in Dublin, and his brother, Humphrey, who founded almost as large a one in Liverpool ; in fact, Humphrey Hime appears to have been the largest of the provincial publishers. The two were in partnership in Liverpool prior to 1790, for the directory for that year gives : " Hime, M. & H., music warehouse, 56, Castle Street," and as the directory for 1796 records one name alone, " Hime, Humphrey, 57, Castle St.," it is very likely that the other brother had removed to open his Dublin business. In 1805, H. Hime had taken his son into partnership and had opened another shop in Church St., opposite the post office, then in that street. They occupied these two places of business for a considerable length of time, ultimately making the Church Street shop the principal one. The Castle Street shop is variously numbered, 56, 54, 14, 53, and again 40 ; so also the case with the Church Street premises, which are 32, and at a late period, 57. The Church Street shop was held till into the seventies ; a modern imprint gives : " Henry Lee, late Hime & Son, 57, Church Street." There were others of the Hime family in the music trade in Liver- pool during late years.

Humphrey Hime and Hime & Son, so far as I have seen, only published sheet music mostly songs. They were always particularly well engraved and neatly printed. Out of the great numbers which I have seen I select the following : O Ever Skill'd, a favourite song, composed by J. A. Steven- son, Mus. Doc, Liverpool, published by H. Hime, Castle Street, folio.

 

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The Earth is a Toper, translated from the Greek .... sung by Mr. Meredith at the Music Hall, Liverpool. Printed and sold at Hime's Music Shop, 14, Castle Street.

The Chapter of Kings .. written and sung by Mr. Collins, author of The Brush. .Liverpool, Hime & Son, Castle Street and Church Street.

Saint Patrick was a Gentleman, anew comic song.. sung by Mr. Penson, at the Theatre Royal, Liverpool, Hime & Son, Castle Street and Church Street, opposite the Post Office Place.

Diamond cut Diamond, or the Yorkshire Horsedealers ; All alive at Liverpool ; Adventures of a Steam Packet ; The Dandy ; Dancing, Quadrilles, etc. Some of these comic songs have pictorial titles.

 

Sadler, John. At first a printer, but who afterwards became famous by reason of his invention for using engraved transfers on china and earthenware. In this he was joined by Guy Green, and Sadler & Green produced for Wedgwood and others a vast quantity of black printed earthenware. John Sadler was the first (so far as I have been able to ascertain) to issue printed or engraved music in Liverpool, and in 1754 he published a thick octavo volume entitled " The Muses Delight." The book contains a series of instructions for the different instruments, a musical dictionary, and a great number of songs, with and without the music. At first sight it might be considered that the music was set up in type, but closer examination will show it to have been neatly cut in wood. In 1756 the work was again re-issued in two volumes, under the title "Apollo's Cabinet or The Muses Delight." The old printed sheets of "The Muses Delight " appear to have been used up to p. 230 and to this others were added. It may be noticed that pp. 231 and 232 are frequently missing from the " Apollo's Cabinet," p. 232 is blank in the "Muses Delight," but in the former work this page contains the song (its first appearance in print), " Ge ho Dobbin, or, the Waggoner." It is likely that the publisher himself has cancelled the leaf after the work has been printed. Besides the date 1756, there are other copies of " Apollo's Cabinet," which are dated 1757' and another, 1758. I have also some reason to believe that others have a London imprint. Included in most copies of the work are a few pages of engraved music, being "Twelve Duettos for two French horns and two German flutes, composed by Mr. Charles."

John Sadler's place of business was in Harrington Street, and upon his discovery of earthenware printing he seems to have entirely abandoned the printing and publishing of books.

 

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1754 The Muses' Delight, an accurate collection of English and Italian Songs, Cantatas, and Duetts, set to music Liver- pool, printed and published and sold by John Sadler, in Harrington Street, 1754, 8vo.

1756 Apollo's Cabinet, or The Muses' Delight, an accurate collection of English and Italian Songs, Cantatas, and Duetts, set to music. . . .volume I (and volume II). . . .Liverpool, printed by John Sadler, in Harrington Street, 1756 (copies also dated 1757 and 1758), 8vo.

 

Sibbald, William. He appears to have been a teacher of the guitar and a music seller sometime' between 1770 and 1780. The only work which I have seen bearing his imprint is in my own library, it is a work in folio of 16 pages, and is engraved "A Choice Collection of XII of the most favourite Songs for the Guittar, sung at Vaux Hall, and in the Deserter, now performing at the Theatre Royal, in Drury Lane with an easy bass throughout, by D. Ritter... Liverpool, printed for Wm. Sibbald, teacher of the Guittar... and sold at his music shop. Temple Bar, in New Market... folio, circa 1773-4. The Liverpool Directory for 1774 gives : " Sibbald, Wm'., music shop, 5, Temple Bar " ; that for 1781, " Sibbald, Wm., musician, 46, Lord Street."

 

Yaniewicz, Felix. He was a Polish violinist of some degree of celebrity, who settled in Liverpool. The earliest trace I can find of him here is in the directory for 1800, where he is entered as " Musician, Upper Birkett Street, St. Annes." In the one for 1803 he is, " Musician and Musicseller, Lord Street" ; in 1805 and 1807, as at 29, Lord Street, with a house in Lime Street. In 1810 he has gone into partnership with a person named Green, but in 1813 and 1816 he is alone again at 60, Lord Street. In 1818 the firm is Yaniewicz &' Wiess, and they remain at the above address until 1827, when ;,they are at 2, Church Street. In 1829 W. G. Wiess is alone at this address and in 1832 Felix Yaniewicz is a dentist at 44, Bold Street. Messrs. Brown & Stratton's account of Felix Yaniewicz is that he was born in 1762, married Miss Breeze in 1800; settled in Edinburgh in 1815, where he died in 1848. Yaniewicz certainly was leader of the first Edinburgh Festival, and in 1818, etc., he was giving a series of concerts there. It is likely that he had handed over to his son and to his partner his active share in the Liverpool business. It is also likely that his son, perhaps bearing the same Christian name, had turned dentist. William Gardiner, in " Music and Friends," speaks of having met the celebrated performer while on a visit to Liverpool.

 

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He published some sheet music as : " The Ladies' Collection of Pianoforte Music... composed and selected by Felix Yaniewicz, Liverpool, printed and sold at his music and instrument warehouse, 25, Lord Street," folio ; " Mozart's Grand March, Liverpool, printed and sold at Yaniewicz's music warehouse, 25, Lord Street" ; "Song of Battle... by Mathew Haughton, the music by F. Yaniewicz, Liverpool," similar imprint.

 

Manchester.

 

Smith, Henry. Was printer and publisher of the "Manchester Iris." With this paper were issued musical settings of songs, &c., both type printed and engraved ; circa 1823, etc. The printing office was in or near St. Ann's Square.

 

Townsend, John. Kept a music shop in King St. In 1825 the number was 73, afterwards 2. He published : " Twenty four favourite Country Dances for the flute, clarionet, or flageolet...}. Townsend, 2, King Street, Manchester," printed title, engraved music, oblong 8vo, circa 1838. This is perhaps one of the latest survivals of the yearly twenty four country dances in oblong octavo.

 

Newcastle-on-Tyne.

 

Kinloch, Monro. Published " One Hundred Airs (principally Irish), selected and composed by Lieut. Gen. Dickson, arranged for the pianoforte, violin, flute., etc., by Mr. Thomson, organist of St. Nicholas, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, dedicated to the Duke of Northumberland, by Alex Monro Kinloch, dancing master... printed by Goulding & Co. for Mr. Kinloch, at his music Saloon, New- castle." 2 vols., oblong 4to, circa 1816-17.

 

Another early Newcastle work, circa 1780 is " Six Minuets for two violins and violoncellos, adapted for the harpsichord or pianoforte... composed by I. Gregg, Dancing Master, Newcastle," oblong 4to. No imprint.

 

About 1803, W. Wright was one of the principal music sellers of this place, and his name is given on London sheet music as selling the same.

 

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Oxford.

 

Turner, Wm. So far as l have yet found William Turner was the first printer in Oxford to use music type. He printed in 1634 a work which contained two pages of music from moveable type, forming the musical setting to a song. The title of the work is : " The Feminine Monarchie, or the Histori of Bees ; their admirable nature and properties... by Charles Butler, Magd.... Oxford, printed by William Turner, for the author, 1634," 8vo (Taphouse). An edition of this is cited under the date 1609. Charles Butler also wrote another curious musical work " The Principles of Musick," 1636 (see p. 61 present volume).

 

Hall, William. One of the best known of the early Oxford printers. He printed from moveable type Dr. Wilson's " Cheerfull Ayres, or Ballads, first composed for one single voice and since set for three voices, by John Wilson, Dr. in music. ..Oxford, printed by W. Hall, for Ric. Davis, 1660," oblong 4to. (Taphouse.) Playford re-printed this work (see p. 100). The errata is preceded by the following note " This being the first essay for ought we understand of printing musick that ever was in Oxford, and the printers being unacquainted with such work, hath occasioned the faults hereafter mentioned in this single book." The above implies that Wm. Hall was practically the father of music printing in Oxford, though as seen above Wm. Turner had previously set up a couple of pages of music. Another of Hall's printing was : " A Short Direction for the performance of Cathedral Service, published for the information of such persons as are ignorant of it... by E. C.... Oxford, printed by William Hall, for Richard Davis, 1661," oblong 4to, from type, the copy in the Bodleian has a M.S. date Ian. I, 1660. The above E.G. was probably Edmund Chilmead who wrote a learned essay on Greek music. This formed an appendix to an edition of " Aratus," printed at Oxford in 1672.

 

Bowman, Thomas. He was the publisher of two editions of " Songs for one, two, and three voices, to the thorow-bass, with some short Symphonies collected out of some of the select poems of the incomparable Mr. Cowley and others and composed by Henry Bowman, philo musicus, Oxford, printed, and are to be sold by Thomas Bowman, Bookseller, Anno Domini 1678," folio, title page printed, the music engraved. A second edition was printed in 1679.

 

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Mathews, Wm. Was a music seller in business in the High Street during the latter part of the i8th century. His engraved label is found pasted on sheet music and the following piece of music bears his imprint : " The Highland Laddie, as originally composed for and sung at Mary Bone Gardens in June, 1771...set to music by P. Hayes, Mus. Doc"; at the foot is "printed for W. Mathews, in the High Street, Oxford, engraved by T. Straight, 17, St. Martin's Lane," folio, circa 1780.

 

Beesly, Michael. Engraved, printed, and published an oblong collection of Psalm tunes about 1760, entitled : " A Book of Psalmody, containing instructions for Young Beginners, after as plain and familiar a manner as any yet extant. To which is added a Collection of Psalm Tunes... collected, engraved, and printed by Michael Beesly, and sold by Edward Doe, bookseller in Oxford, by Thomas Price, bookseller in Gloucester, and by John Edmund, at Winchester," oblong 4to (instructions are printed, the tunes engraved. It is, I presume, an Oxford printed work my own copy bears a name and M.S. date 1773).

 

Hardy, Henry. Probably succeeded to the business carried on by Mathews in the High Street. He had an engraved label, and his imprint is on the following, " Sweet Annie, a favourite Scots Song, composed by P. Hayes, Muc. Doc, printed for Henry Hardy, High Street, Oxford, where may be had ' The Highland Laddie,' by Dr. Hayes, Handel's Songs... and songs by the late J. Norris. Haydn's overture... circa 1790.

 

Tung, Phillip. An Oxford music seller towards the end of the 18th century. He published sheet songs ; one is " The Virtues of Snuff, printed for Phillip Jung, music seller, at Oxford, and to be had at all the music shops in town and country," circa 1790. About or before this date another sheet an arrangement by Dr. Phillip Hayes called " The New Soger Laddie," sung by Mrs. Crouch, is printed for Firth and Jung, at Oxford.

 

Sheffield.

 

Gales, J. Printed and published "The Musical Tour of Mr. Dibdin, in which, previous to his embarkation for India, he finished his career as a Public Character. Sheffield, printed for the author by J. Gales, and sold by all booksellers throughout the kingdom, 1788," 4to. The work contains a number of well engraved music plates.

 

Stourport.

 

Nicholson, George. In 1799 George Nicholson was at Ludlow. In 1801-2 at Poughmill, near Ludlow, from which places he issued many daintily printed volumes of ballads, songs, etc., generally illustrated with charming engravings and woodcuts of the Bewick School. About 1810 he was at Stourport, and there published " The British Orpheus, being a selection of two hundred and seventy songs."

 

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Wakefield.

 

Lord, Joseph. He appears to have been a bookseller in a large way of business, and, in 1746, had, besides his Wakefield shop, branches at Barnsley and Pontefract. His name, either as publisher or salesman, is found on the imprint of many old Psalm books. One work is "A Book of Anthems... (the second edition) by Josiah Street, London, printed by Robert Brown, in Windmill Court, Pye Corner, for Joseph Lord, bookseller, in Wakefield, in Yorkshire, and sold by him at his shops in Barnsley and Pontefract [other Yorkshire booksellers follow] 1746, 8vo, type printed. Another is the 8th edition of Chetham's " Book of Psalmody... London, printed for Joseph Lord, book- seller in Wakefield, in Yorkshire, and sold by him at his shops in Barnsley and Pontefract... 1752," 8vo. The music is cut on wood, and was again used in 1787 by Wright, of Leeds.

 

Winchester.

 

Robbins, James. College Street. He published " Harmonia Wykehamica. The Original Music in Score of the Graces used at Winchester College, and at the New College, Oxford, also the Hymn, Jam Lucis ; the song, Dulce Domum, and the song, Omnibus Wykehamicis...the whole printed under the direction of the Rev. Gilbert Heathcote, A.M., 1811... Winchester, printed for and sold by Jas. Robbins, College Street, and may be had in London of Goulding & Co., 20, Soho Square," obl6ng folio. There is an earlier edition of this work.

 

York.

 

The earliest piece of York music printing I have note of is " Psalm Tunes in four parts, 7th edition, with additions by Abraham Barber, York, 17 15." This work was sold at Rimbault's sale, but I have no information as to the printer.

 

White, Grace.* Printed in 1720 the following work, a copy of which is in my own library, " The Psalm Singer's Guide, being a choice collection of the most useful tunes of the Psalms, in two, three, and four parts... collected and composed by Edm. Ireland, and taught by J. Hall, R. Sowerby, J. Turner, and others, the 4th edition, with additions. ..York, printed by Grace White, for the author... 1720," i2mo.

* She was the widow of J. White, a notable York printer, " at the signe of the Bible, in Stonegate." She was re-married in 1724, to Thomas Gent, who had been a journeyman printer with her husband.

 

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Haxby. Was a music seller in York some time about 1 760- 1 770. He is named as being a subscriber to and seller of " Elegies, Songs, and an ode of Mr. Pope's ...the music composed by Edward Miller, of Doncaster London, printed for the author and sold at Bremmer's music shop in the Strand, Haxby's, York, and Wynne's, Cambridge," folio, circa 1765. On December 28th, 1770 a Thomas Haxby took out a patent for improvements in harpsichords. Haxby's name is also found on Violins.

 

Knapton. This business was first started by S. Knapton, who near the end of the 18th century had a shop in Blake Street. He seems to have published sheet songs, one being : " Margery Topping, a favourite comic song, sung by Mr. Blanchard, at Cov't Garden, printed for S. Knapton, Blake Street, York," circa 1800. In 1823 the directory gives S. & P. Knapton, Coney Street. The latter is Phillip Knapton the well known musician who was born at York in 1788 and died 1833, Some time about or before 1820 the firm was a very flourishing one, and much sheet music, beautifully engraved and printed, is found bearing the imprint, " Knapton, White, & Knapton, Coney Street, York." I do not know the history of the business after the death of Phillip Knapton.

 

Scottish Music Publishers.

 

The Press of Scotland suffered under a most mischievous system of license and monopoly during a long period. This crippling of the press was under the plea that a -printer's license was in the direct gift of the crown, and in the reign of Charles H was absolutely given to an individual for money lent to that impecunious monarch during his exile. As in the case of the Elizabethan restriction, this will account for the non-existence of Scottish printed music books during a time when we might expect them to have been produced. The Scottish veto was in force during a time when the English press was free, and it extended to all printed matter, " from a bible to a ballad." The first Scottish printed book was issued about 1509 from an Edinburgh press, and the first containing musical notes was probably " The Forme of Prayer " from the press of Lekprevik, 1564. Aberdeen may, I think, claim

 

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to have first published secular music in Forbes' " Cantus," 1662. Between this date and 1740 Scottish printed or engraved music books may be almost counted on the fingers. During Charles the Second's reign the Edinburgh printers, under the leadership of one Andrew Anderson, formerly of Glasgow, entered into a partnership and applied for a patent to be taken out in the name of Anderson, by which they were to be jointly vested with the office of King's printer. This being granted and coming eventually into the hands of Anderson's widow, she exerted her protective power very severely, and Forbes, of Aberdeen, and others suffered imprisonment and fine. The printing monopoly of Mrs. Anderson received a slight check soon and it was declared that the royal patent merely applied to Bibles and Acts of Parliament. Even so late as 1770, Kincaid, the King's printer, brought an action to attempt the re-establishment of part at least of the same monopoly granted to Anderson. The harassing of printers and publishers was of course fatal to the production of musical works, the difficulties of printing which were far beyond those of ordinary typography. It is therefore not to be wondered at that printers were not ready to risk fine, confiscation of plant, or imprisonment over works which might not even pay the cost of production.

 

Aberdeen.

 

Raban, Edward. Printed one of the early Scottish Psalters, " The Psalmes of David in prose and metre, according to the Church of Scotland, In Aberdeen. Imprinted by Edward Raban for David Melville, 1633," 8vo.

 

Forbes John. Was the first in Scotland to produce a book of secular music. This work, popularly known as " Forbes' Cantus," is said to be only the treble or " Cantus " portion of the work, the other volumes which would have completed it being prematurely stopped. It is the more likely, when we are aware (as before narrated) that Forbes was prosecuted, imprisoned, and fined, for printing, and so infringing the monopoly granted to Anderson then held by his widow. On attention being drawn to the hard case of Forbes and some other printers who had suffered with him, the Anderson monopoly was restricted to the printing of Bibles and Acts of Parliament. This gave Forbes an opportunity to issue the second or the third edition of the " Cantus." The first edition is dated 1662, second, 1666, and the third, 1682,

 

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1662 Cantus; Songs and Fancies to Three, Foure, or Five parts, both apt. for voices and viols, with a briefe Introduction of Musick as is taught in the Musicke Schole of Aberdene, by T. D., Mr. of Musick, Aberdene, printed by lohn Forbes, and are to be sold at his shop. Anno Dom. MDCLXII, oblong 4to.

1666 Cantus ; Songs and Fancies. . . .with a briefe Introduction to Musick as is taught by Thomas Davidson, in the Musick School of Aberdene, second edition, corrected and enlarged . . 1666, oblong 4to.

1682 Cantus ; Song and Fancies .... the third edition, exactly corrected and enlarged, together also with several of the choisest Italian songs and new English ayres .... Aberdeen, printed by John Forbes, printer to the ancient city of Bon- Accord, 1682, oblong 4to.

This latter edition has been reproduced in photo lithography by Mr. Alex Gardner, of Paisley, 1879.

 

Angus, A. Was a music seller in Aberdeen who is advertised on the title page as selling F. Peacock's " Fifty Favourite Scotch Airs." This work was undoubtedly published in 1762; not as given by Laing in 1776. Angus & Son also sell L. Ding's "Songster's Favourite," circa 1785.

 

Brown M. A. Published "Sacred Harmony, being a collection of Psalm and Hymn Tunes... by John Knott, teacher of singing, Aberdeen... Published for the author by M. A. Brown, bookseller, Broad Street, Aberdeen, oblong 4to ; music engraved, preface dated 1 81 4. {Mr. A. Moffat.)

 

Daniel James. Published " A Collection of Scotch Airs, Strathspeys, Reels adapted for the pianoforte, or violin and violoncello ; by a Citizen, Aberdeen ; Engraved, printed and published by James Daniel, engraver, &c.," folio.

 

Davie & Morris. Were music sellers in Union St. They published about 1812 some " Fashionable and Popular Dances and Reels," in folio sheets, which were engraved by Johnson & Anderson, Edinburgh. Mr. Davie is marked as selling Donald Grant's " Collection of Strathspey Reels, etc." At a much later James Davie published " Davie's Caledonian Repository," in four oblong 4to books, one of which contains a valuable bibliographical list of Scottish musical works. An edition of this bears the imprint of Wood & Co., circa 1845.

 

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In 1788 a fortnightly periodical was started in Aberdeen under the title "The Aberdeen Magazine, Literary Chronicle, and Review." It ran upon the same lines as the " Gentleman's" and other similar magazines. Each number contains a song set to music, which latter was printed from type. The copy in my own library has title page missing, so I am unable give the printer and publisher's name. Volume II for 1789 contains Robert Burns' song " Tam Glen," strangely enough signed T. S., other of Burns' poems are also present, but unidentified with the poet.

 

Edinburgh.

 

Early Printers. The pioneers of Scottish printing were Walter Chepman and Andrew Millar, who had a license for printing granted to them in 1507. Robert Lekprevik was however the first to employ music type in " The Forme of Prayers and Ministration of the Sacraments, etc., used in the English Church at Geneva printed at Edinburgh by Robert Lekprevik, 1565," small 8vo. This edition is in the Advocates Library, but another a year earlier, 1564, is said to be in Oxford. In 1571 Lekprevik was at Stirling, in 1572 at St. Andrews, and in 1573 back again in Edinburgh. One of his Edinburgh imprints is " Imprinted by Robert Lekprevik and are to be sould at his house in the Netherbow." Another printer in Edinburgh was T. Bassandine, who in 1575 printed the Psalms, with musical notes. In 1595 Henrie Chatteris printed " The Psalmes of David in Metre, according as they are sung in the Kirk of Scotland printed at Edinburgh, be Henrie Chatteris, 1595," small 8vo.; editions are also said to be dated 1594 and 1596. Other early Edinburgh Psalters were printed by Andro Hart ; one in 1611, and another by his heirs in 1635, etc.

The above is a brief and confessedly imperfect note of an interesting portion of the history of Scotch printing.

 

Anderson, John. Was a music engraver and alive in 1839. He served his apprentice- ship with James Johnson, and seems to have helped the latter m the arrangement of materials for the later volumes of " The Scots Musical Museum." Upon the death of Johnson in 1811, he appears to have gone into partnership with the widow, and from 1811 to at least 1813, Johnson and Anderson were at Johnson's old shop in the Lawnmarket, and engraving for Edinburgh music sellers. Before 18 16 (and also possibly

 

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before his partnership with Mrs. Johnson) he, for a short time, seems to have been in business alone, at one time at 18, Picardy Place. In 1816 he was partner with Walker, and Walker and Anderson remained until quite late. It is rather doubtful whether he or a musician of the same name issued the little oblong work " Anderson's Budget of Strathspey Reels and Country Dances printed for and sold by J. Anderson, Messrs. Brysson, Bank Street," etc. {Glen.) This work is not to be confounded with another Anderson's " Budget," published in Perth.

 

Anderson & Bryce. Printers at Edinburgh who printed an oblong quarto part " The Sacred Minstrel, a collection of original Church Tunes," circa 1820, type printed.

Baillie, Alexander. One of the early Edinburgh music engravers. His first book was " Airs for the Flute, with a thorough Bass for the Harpsichord." In the dedication to Lady Gairles, Baillie says: "The following airs having been composed by a gentleman for your Ladyship's use when you began to practice the flute a beque, I thought I could not chuse a better subject for my first essay as an engraver of musick than these airs," etc., etc. This is dated Edinburgh, December, 1735, and signed Alex Baillie, oblong 4to (Taphouse). He also engraved Francis Barsanti's " Collection of old Scots Tunes, with the bass for the Violoncello or Harpsichord... Edinburgh, printed by Alexander Baillie, and sold by Messrs. Hamilton & Kincaid," large 4to. This, as seen by advertisements in the "Scotch newspapers, was published in January, 1742. There is, in Mr. Taphouse's library, a thin folio treatise on Thorough Bass, by A.B., " Edinburgh, printed in the year MDCCXVII," the music engraved. It is suggested by Dr. Laing that this was by Alexander Baillie, but it is quite unlikely.

 

Bremner, Robert. Was in business at the sign of the Golden Harp, opposite the head of Blackfriar's Wynd, some time before July nth, 1754, as on that date and on July 15th he advertises in the " Edinburgh Evening Courant," to the following effect prefixed by a woodcut of a harp, " Robert Bremner, at the sign of the Golden Harp, opposite to the head of Blackfriers Wynd, Edinburgh, sells all sorts of musical instruments, viz : Bass Violins, Harpsichords, and Spinets, German Flutes in ivory

 

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ebony, or fine wood, Common Flutes of all sizes, French Horns, Bagpipes, Pitch-pipes, and Tabors, and all other sorts of wind instruments, also variety of the newest Concertos, Sonatas, Duets, and Solos for all instruments now in use. Likewise fine screw-bows, violin cases, double and single pins and bridges, hammers, jacks, and wire for harpsichords and spinets, reeds, rul'd book and paper, songs, music pens, and the best Roman strings, wholesale and retail. Commissions from the country particularly observed. N.B. As the under- taker intends to serve gentlemen and ladies with everything in this way at the London prices, it is therefore hoped they will encourage him, and whatever music is wanted that he has not shall be immediately sent for." The above seems to imply that Bremner was in a good way of business, but that he had not long been established. He advertised freely in the " Evening Courant," generally with the woodcut emblem of the harp. Soon there was a representation of a hautboy added, and Bremner's sign both in Edinburgh and afterwards in London became the " Harp and Hautboy." The first mention of it I have found is in an advertisement dated November 30th, 1755, when he advertises in the "Courant," that " there is in the press a treatise upon music, revised and approved by the directors of the Musical Society to which will be added, neatly engraved on copper plates, a collection of the best Church Tunes, Chants, and Anthems... by Robert Bremner, at the sign of the Harp and Hautboy, Edinburgh." The publication of this work, which was his, " Rudiments of Music," is announced in February, 1756. The first edition bears this date, the 2nd, 1762, and the 3rd (published in London), 1763.

 

After publishing numerous works Bremner removed higher up the High Street to the back of the Cross Well, and Niel Stewart, removing from his shop in the Exchange, appears to take Bremner's old premises, for he, on January 24th, 1761, advertises from his " Musick shop, opposite the head of Blackfrier's Wynd." In or about the year 1762 Bremner left his Edinburgh business in the hands of a manager and established another in London (see page 15), making this new one his head establishment. After his removal to London all his imprints bear the London address, the " Harp and Hautboy, opposite Somerset House, in the Strand." His latest Edinburgh imprint is " The Rudiments of Music," 2nd edition, 1762, and the first London publication with a date is the same work, 3rd edition, 1763. As stated in

 

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the previous portion of this work Bremner died in 1789; and his Edinburgh business was afterwards carried on by John Brysson. The following is a list of all Bremner's Edinburgh publications I have seen ; the dates of many can be ascertained from advertisements in the Edinburgh newspapers.

1756 The Rudiments of Music, .by Robert Bremner, printed for (February) the author, and sold at his music shop, the Harp and Haut- boy, High Street, Edinburgh, 1756, 12mo. (Second edition, Edinburgh, 1762).

1755 A Collection of Airs and Marches for Two Violins, or German Flutes, oblong 4to. (Proposals for printing the above in 12 numbers, advertised April 20th ; No. II was published on July 24th, 1756.)

C. 1756 A Collection of Songs, for 2 and 3 voices; price 1/-; advertised on " Thirty Songs," etc.

C. 1756 A Collection of Catches, for three and four voices, by different authors ; price 6d Edinburgh, printed for R. Bremner, at his music shop, .oblong 4to ; also advertised

on " Thirty Scots Songs."

1757 Thirty Scots Songs, for a voice and harpsichord, the music taken from the most genuine sets extant, the words from Allan Ramsay (advertised in 1757), folio.

C. 1759 A Second Set of Scots Songs, for a voice and harpsichord. A companion volume to the above later, folio,

1757 Thorough Bass made Easy .. Nicolo Pasquali, oblong folio (advertised as ready May 7th, 1757).

1758 The Art of Fingering the Harpsichord. .Nicolo Pasquali, oblong folio (advertised as ready Nov. 23rd, 1758. Pasquali had resided in Edinburgh).

1759 Freemason's Songs, folio; advertised in June, 1759.

1759 Songs in the Gentle Shepherd ; advertised August, 1759.

McGibbon's Scots Tunes, 3 books, oblong folio.

Adam Craig's Scots Tunes, oblong folio.

1759 A Curious Collection of Scots Tunes, oblong folio, advertised August, 1759.

Instructions for the Guitar, oblong 4to.

A Collection of Scots Reels or Country Dances (in twelve numbers, Nos. 7 and 8 advertised in Nov, 1759 ; No. 10, January, 1761) ; oblong 4to.

A Collection of Minuets, No. 3 advertised January, 1761.

1761 The Harpsichord, or Spinnet Miscellany, oblong folio, advertised August, 1761. A second book followed later.

Of most of the above there are later London editions, many even so late as Preston's time, who bought the whole of Bremner's plates and stock.

 

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Brysson, John. He is said to have been manager at Bremner's Edinburgh shop at the back of the Cross Well, being near the head of the Old Assembly Close. He seems to have acquired the business on the death of Bremner in 1789, and after that date his name appears as publisher of several works and of much half-sheet music. The directories show that he retained the shop on the south side of the Cross Well up to 1807. The 1809 directory gives him at Bank Street. In 1811 he was at 429, High Street, at the head of Bank Street, and shortly afterwards his address was 16, Bank Street. The business was here in 1819, but there is no record of it in 1821. There were others of the same name in Edinburgh ; George, a pianoforte maker. Castle Hill, in 1809, and in 1811 a music seller in the High Street ; and James, a teacher of dancing at the same period. R. Bryson is mentioned on the imprint of Malcolm McDonald's "Third Collection of Strathspey Reels," circa 1790-5-

C. 1791 A Curious Selection of Favourite Tunes, with variations, to which is added Fifty Favourite Irish Airs printed for J. Brysson's music shop, high Street, Edinburgh, .oblong folio (advertised June, 1791).

C. 1792-3 A Collection of Duetts, for two German flutes or two violins, .by a Society of Gentlemen. .Edinburgh, printed and sold by J Brysson, music seller. Cross, where may be had The Scots Musical Museum in 4 volumes, oblong 4to.

The Battle of Prague. .Edinburgh, printed and sold by John Brysson, at his music shop, south side of Cross Well, folio.

C. 1813 A Compleat Tutor for the German Flute. .. .Edinburgh, printed and sold at J. Brysson's music shop. No. 16, Bank Street.. J. Johnson, Sculp, (the address has been altered on the plate from an earlier one) ,

From thee Eliza, .printed and sold at J. Brysson's music shop, head of Bank Street, Edinburgh.

Many other sheet and half-sheet songs.

 

Clark, J. He was an engraver who published a thin folio collection of Scottish music entitled " Flores Musicse, or the Scots Musician, being a general collection of the most celebrated Scots Tunes, Reels, and Minuets.. .published 1st of June, 1773, by J. Clark, plate and seal engraver, &c., the first forestair, below the head of Forrester's Wynd, Edinburgh," folio. A copy is in the Wighton Collection in Dundee. I know of no other work bearing his name,

 

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Cooper, Richard. A music engraver who for at least thirty years between 1725 and 1755 cut the plates of most of the music published in Scotland. His first work, that I have record of, is the scarce miniature volume of music for the songs in the "Tea Table Miscellany," published by Allan Ramsay, about 1725. No doubt he kept a shop for the sale of music, etc. The following list of works engrave J. by Cooper might perhaps be added to.

C. 1724-5 Musick for Allan Ramsay's Collection of Scots Songs; set by Alexander Stuart .. engraved by R. Cooper, volume first, Edinburgh, printed and sold by Allan Ramsay, small oblong.

1730 A Collection of the Choicest Scots Tunes, adapted to the Harpsichord or Spinnet. .by Adam Craig, Edinburgh, 1730. . R. Cooper, fecit., oblong folio,

1734 A Collection of Minuets, adapted for the Violin and Bass viol. . ..composed by James Oswald, dancing master.. Subscriptions will be taken at Edinburgh by Mr. Cooper, engraver. Advertisement in the Caledonian Mercury, August i2th, 1734.

1737 Twelve Solos or Sonatas, for a Violin and Violoncello, with a thorough bass for the Harpsichord by Charles Macklean. .Edinburgh, printed by R. Cooper, for the author, 1737, folio.

1740 Six Sonatas or Solos, for a German Flute or Violin, .composed by Wm. McGibbon. .. .Edinburgh, printed by R. Cooper, for the author, 1740, oblong folio.

1742 A Collection of Scots Tunes ; some with variations for a Violin, Hautboy, or German Flute by Wm. McGibbon, book 1st. .Edinburgh, printed by Richard Cooper, 1742, oblong folio.

Ditto, second collection, 1746 ; third, 1755.

 

Corri. As mentioned in the London section of the present volume, Domenico Corri, the Italian musician, came to Edinburgh in 1771 and published a small volume of " Canzones," with the date 1772. His younger brother, Natale Corri, also settled in Edinburgh, and the Corri family by themselves, and in connection with James Sutherland, an Edinburgh musician, established a music business here and in London. The first notice I can find of a Corri firm is on the imprint of " A Select Collection of the most admired Songs, Duetts, etc., from operas of the highest esteem, in three books. ..by Domenico Corri, Edinburgh, printed for John Corri, and sold by him and by C. Elliot, Parliament Square," circa 1779, large folio, 3 volumes ; a fourth was added with the imprint of Corri, Dussek & Co. In 1780, the firm was Corri

 

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& Sutherland, with a shop in North Bridge Street, and their names are on the imprints of many important Scotch publications, as Peter McDonald's " Highland Airs," etc. Some time about 1791-2 the firm became styled Corri & Co., and it formed part of the London business Corri & Dussek. Besides the address 37, North Bridge Street, they had another one at 8, South St. Andrew's Street. In 1800-1 a James Sutherland was a musical instrument maker at 10, St. Andrew's Square. In or about 1802-3 the Corri, Dussek firm got into difficulties both in Edinburgh and in London. In 1804-5, Natale Corri commenced as a music seller alone and had concert rooms near the head of Leith Walk. He remained in business here until after 1819. At one time he had premises at 41, Princes Street. In 1822 his name has disappeared from the directory. Corri & Sutherland, and Corri & Co. were extensive publishers and issued much Scotch music, both in sheets and in collected form. N. Corri seemed mainly to publish sheet music.

 

Ding, Laurence. An Edinburgh musician, who shortly after 1784 issued a folio collection of songs with their music, entitled " The Songster's Favourite, or a new collection containing Forty of the most celebrated Songs, Duetts, Trios, etc., adapted to the Voice, Harpsichord, or German Flute... by Laurence Ding, Edinburgh, printed for the compiler and sold by him at Churnside, and Wilson's printing office," folio. In 1792 he published a small pocket volume named "The Beauties of Psalmody... by Laurence Ding... Edinburgh, printed for and sold by the Editor at his house, first entiry within the Netherbow, 1792, J. Johnson, Sculp.," 12mo. After this date he appears to have commenced a music shop in Parliament Square. His folio reprint of Bremner's " Curious Collection of Scots Tunes," is printed for and sold by L. Ding, No. 4, Parliament Square, but a great deal of half-sheet vocal music has his address at 19, Parliament Square. He was here in 1801, but I cannot trace him after this date.

 

Edward Wm. He engraved " A Collection of Scots Reels, or Country Dances composed by John Riddle, at Ayr, and sold by himself there ; likewise by Mr. Robt. Bremner, in Edinburgh, also at his shope, the Harp and Hautboy, opposite Sumerset House, in the Strand, London ; Wm. Edward, Sculpt. Dun Cameron prints it, Edinburgh," oblong 4to ; Dr. Laing gives the date, circa 1776.

 

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Fleming, R. He appears to have been a music seller near Bremner's shop in the High Street in 1759. In the Wighton collection there is: "Lessons in the practice of Singing, with an addition of the Church Tunes, in four parts, and a collection of Hymns, Canons, Airs, and Catches... by Cornforth Gilson, teacher of music in Edinburgh ...sold at the shop of R. Fleming, at the Cross, and by the booksellers in town and country, 1759," oblong 4to. The music is engraved.

 

Gow. Niel Gow, the head of the family so far as music is concerned, was born in 1727 near Dunkeld. Having attained a good deal of distinction as a performer and composer of Scots violin music, he published through Messrs. Corri & Sutherland, his First and Second Collection of Strathspey Reels, the latter being issued in 1788, and the former a few years previously. His son, Nathaniel, having come to Edinburgh as a professional musician, appears to have undertaken the publication of the Third Collection in Edinburgh, while his other two sons, John and Andrew, who were music sellers at 60, King Street, Golden Square, undertook the London sale. In 1796 Nathaniel Gow entered into partnership with William Shepherd, an Edinburgh musician, and their first place of business was at 41, North Bridge Street, from whence they published many collected pieces and much sheet music. Before 1804 they had removed to 16, Princes Street, and this number is retained until 1810-11, when it is changed (probably by re-numbering the street) to 40. Shepherd having died Nathaniel Gow found himself in great monetary difficulties and had to make up a large sum to the executors of his former partner. Shortly before 1818 he however entered into business again with his son as " Nathaniel Gow & Son," at 60, Princes Street, and they carried on the trade until 1825, when, the son having died, he shortly afterwards was partner with the firm Gow & Galbraith. In 1827 bankruptcy came to Nathaniel Gow, and his friends advised him to advertise a ball for his benefit ; it realised a sum of nearly 300. The ball was again repeated in three subsequent years with a like satisfactory result. Besides this he had a pension of 50 a year from the Caledonian Club. He died in 1831. Whatever causes tended to the ruin of Gow it is a fact that the profits from his engagement as a violinist and leader of fashionable dance functions must have been enormous. It is stated that he frequently received one hundred and one hundred and fifty guineas for attending a ball at Perth, Dumfries, etc. He was

 

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appointed one of the King's trumpeters for Scotland with a salary of 70, before he was sixteen, upon his first coming to Edinburgh. The Gow publications include all Niel Gow's Collections of Strathspey Reels (after the second, and of course a re-publication of these), with the " Repositories," and many similar collections by Nathaniel Gow and others, with a vast quantity of sheet music, principally consisting of the popular dance tunes of the day, a great many of which were named after Gow's lady and gentleman patrons. Nathaniel Gow was the composer of the ever popular " Caller Herring," which he wrote as one of a series of pieces to illustrate the cries of Edinburgh. It was some twenty years after its first publication that Lady Nairne wrote the words of this song to Gow's tune. The following are some few of the Gow publications :

A Third Collection of Strathspey Reels . . by Niel Gow, at Dunkeld Edinburgh, printed for the author and to be had of him at Dunkeld. .Nath Gow, Baillie Fybes Close, Edinburgh, John and Andrew Gow, No. 60, King's Street, Golden Square, London, folio.

A Fourth Collection. .Gow & Shepherd, music sellers, 41, North Bridge Street.

A Fifth Collection .. Gow & Shepherd, 16, Princes Street (also the second and other editions of the 1st and 2nd collections) .

A Complete Repository of Original Scots Slow Strathspeys and Dances, .by Niel Gow & Sons.. Gow & Shepherd, 41, North Bridge Street, folio.

Part Second of the Complete Repository. . . .Gow & Shepherd, 16, Princes Street.

Part Third. .Same imprint.

Part Fourth, published by the proprietor and to be had of Nath Gow, 2, South Hanover Street, and John Gow, 30, Great Marlbro' Street, London. Another later edition is published by Gow & Galbraith.

A Complete Collection of Originall German Valtz .... by Nath Gow. . Gow & Shepherd, 41, North Bridge Street, folio.

A Collection of entirely original Strathspey Reels by Ladies resident in a remote part of the Highlands of Scotland. N.B. Corrected by Nath Gow. Gow & Shepherd, 16, Princes Street, folio.

A Second Collection of Strathspey Reels.... by William Shepherd Gow & Shepherd, 16, Princes Street. (The first was published by the author before his partnership with Gow, but it was republished by the firm.)

A Complete Repository of Old and New Scotch Strathspey Reels and Jigs, adapted for the German Flute . . Gow & Shepherd, 40, Princes Street, oblong 4to. Ditto, Book IL

 

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Several of Nath Gow's publications before he became music seller were issued by N. Stewart, and after his failure Alexander Robertson re-published the works of Neil and Nathaniel, and the additional parts entitled " The Beauties of Neil Gow," " The Vocal Melodies of Scotland,"

and "The Ancient Curious Collection of Scotland."

 

Grant & Moir. They are notable for having first printed an excellent book of songs (with the music type printed) named " The Edinburgh Musical Miscellany," 8vo. The first volume is dated 1792, and the second, 1793. There are later editions of this work, precisely the same in contents; one is dated 1808. The firm's address was Paterson's Court. The second edition was printed by Mundall, Doig, & Stevenson.

 

Hamilton, John. extensive publisher of sheet and other music, as well as a writer of many Scotch songs. He was established in business at 24, North Bridge Street, in the last one or two years of the eighteenth century ; his name is in the directory for 1801. He had been with John Watlen, and while here had published : " A Collection of Twenty Four Scots Songs, chiefly pastoral written [and] adapted by John Hamilton, Edinburgh, printed and sold by the author at Mr. Watlen's music shop, 34, North Bridge Street," folio, circa 1796. He had also had single songs issued by Brysson, etc. After his commencement in business Hamilton's publications were very numerous, they include many collections of Scotch airs, and many hundred sheet songs. He was the chief publisher of the musical works of John Ross, an Aberdeen organist, who arranged many airs to which Hamilton had fitted words. In 1809 he lived in a house in Clerk's Land Bristo (his shop still being in the North Bridge), and here he became acquainted with the father of William and Robert Chambers when the Chambers' family had removed to Edinburgh. About the date 1813-14 William Chambers speaks of his father being friendly with John Hamilton, " who, drawing to the conclusion of his days, lived in a stair at the south end of Lothian Street, and in good weather might be seen creeping feebly along the walks in the Meadows, deriving pleasure from the sunshine to which he was soon to bid adieu " (Memoirs, p. 75). According to a notice in the Scots Magazine, he died, after a long and painful illness, in his 53rd year, on September 23rd, 1814. It is stated that he had married a lady pupil connected with an old family to the great indignation of her friends.

In 1813  there was a John Hamilton, music seller, a very short time at 26, Princes Street, and this address is also on

 

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sheet music. In 1819, John Hamilton was a pianoforte maker at 38, Libberton's Wynd. These names, no doubt, refer to a son of the original Hamilton.

Some few of Hamilton's publications are :

"'A Complete Collection of much admired Tunes, as danced at the Balls and Publics of the late Mr. Strange... by John Clarkson, junior, folio ;

"A Choice Collection of Scots Reels," oblong 4to ;

"The Caledonian Museum," 3 books, oblong 4to ;

"A Select Collection of Ancient and Modern Scottish Airs... by John Ross, organist, St. Paul's, Aberdeen," vol. 1, folio, etc., etc.

 

Hutton, Wm. A music engraver, who in 1810-11 was in partnership with George Walker, in Foulis Close, until 1815-16. In 1816, Hutton had set up in business for himself at 105, High Street, and Walker had entered into a partnership with Anderson. In 1818, the firm was Hutton & Balmain. Much Scottish music is stamped with Hutton's name. He had probably been apprenticed to his partner, Geo. Walker.

 

Johnson, James. He was for nearly forty years the principal music engraver in Scotland, and for a very long period practically the only one in Edinburgh. A list of his work, could it be compiled, would be almost a complete bibliography of Scottish music during its most interesting period. Little is absolutely known of his personality save that Robert Burns, the poet, held him in great esteem. His works prove that he must have been industrious to a degree, but the fact remains that his widow, at his death, was left in straitened circumstances, and she died in the workhouse. James Johnson was the son of Charles Johnson, and it is likely that he was born about 1750 and apprenticed to an Edinburgh copper plate engraver, probably to James Read. The earliest work of Johnson's I have seen is a small oblong quarto volume in my own library and I am unaware whether another copy exists. Its title is " Six Canzones, for two voices... dedicated to the Scots Ladies, by Domenico Corri, Edinburgh, 1772, James Johnson, Edinburgh," oblong 4to, p.p. 14. In this or the following year he engraved McLean's " Scots Tunes," oblong folio, and a little later Daniel Dow's " Twenty Minuets" ; all these, as well as some other early works, are cut on copper. Afterwards most or all Johnson's music is stamped on pewter. In the obituary notice of his death in the Scots Magazine, it is asserted that he was the inventor of this method of production, but be it remembered that this had been the usual process before Johnson was

 

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born ; Hawkins, as early as 1776. having referred to it and mentioned the date 1710 in connection with its use. As before stated, from 1772 to the advent of George Walker, the engraver, that is to after 1790, practically all plate printed music published in Edinburgh, came from Johnson's work- shop. He also engraved much Glasgow music, including the small oblong volumes of Aird's "Selection of Scotch, English, Irish, and Foreign Airs." In addition to the music he must also have engraved the pictorial titles to the first and second volumes, for they bear his name. He engraved other Glasgow works. In 1787 he appears to be in partnership with others, and to have opened a music shop in the Lawnmarket, at the head of Lady Stair's Close and he remained here until his death. He had previously lived in Bell's Wynd, and while here commenced the publication of perhaps the only work he ever issued on his own account. This was " The Scots Musical Museum, humbly dedicated to the Catch Club, instituted at Edinburgh, June, 1771, by James Johnson," 8vo. The first volume was published on May, 1787 ; the second, March, 1788; the third, February, 1790; the fourth, August, 1792; the fifth, 1797; and the sixth and last, 1803. This work contains six hundred airs, and, as Burns predicted, still forms the text book of Scottish song. Burns contributed something like one hundred and fifty traditional songs and airs, which he had picked up from country singers. The poet also wrote new words and retouched old verses for the work, entering enthusiastically into the production of the book. After Johnson's death the plates passed into the hands of Messrs. Blackwood, who proposed to re- issue them with a volume of historical notes, written by Wm. Stenhouse. This was begun in 1820, but from some cause the printed sheets remained in the publishers' warehouse until after the death of Stenhouse, which occurred in 1827. In 1839, however, the work came forth with some valuable bibliographical notes by David Laing which, on its re-publication in 1853, were further added to. This last edition is in four volumes including one volume containing Stenhouse's notes. It has been the fashion since Chappell's time to heap a great deal of foolish and unreasoning abuse on Johnson's "Museum," and on Stenhouse's notes. The first it is contended, included a number of airs not of Scottish origin, and that Stenhouse willfully made untrue statements. This latter accusation is absurd, but that Stenhouse, in his 512 pages, falls into many errors is quite true. We must, however, consider that eighty years ago the antiquarian study of popular songs was in its infancy, and that

 

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Stenhouse was a pioneer and far removed from the great libraries which were then unsatisfactory for reference by reason of the great restrictions placed as barriers against consultation. The admission by Johnson of other airs besides Scottish may be accounted for if we consider that Johnson was not a musical antiquary, and that many airs, both English and Irish, had Scotch words set to them which might give them a claim. As they stand, however, up to the present day no student of folk music can afford to ignore either Johnson's " Museum," or Stenhouse's Notes. James Johnson died on the 26th of February, 1811. It is likely that just before his death he had taken into partnership John Anderson, an apprentice, who seems to have been of some assistance in the compilation of the "Museum." In the directory for 1811 Johnson & Anderson are named as copper-plate and music engravers and printers, 475, High Street. In 1813 the address is North Gray's Close: in 1816, Anderson, after having been in trade alone, has entered into partnership with Walker.

 

Mackintosh, A. Another Edinburgh music engraver. His name does not occur very frequently. He engraved J. Brysson's " Curious Selection of Favourite Tunes," oblong folio, circa 1791, and in sheet music, " A New Strathspey... dedicated to Miss Barbara Campbell, by J. Thomson, Edinburgh, printed for the author," folio.

 

Muir Wood & Co. Commenced business shortly before 1799, at which date their names occur as selling a publication by Charles Dibdin, " The Lyric Remembrancer, 1799," 4to. In 1801 they were musical instrument makers to his Majesty, at 16, George St., but in 1804 they had removed to 7, Leith Street, where they were until after 1809. In 1811 the address was 13, Leith Street, and here they remained until 1818, after which date the name is absent from the directories. As Messrs. Wood & Co., of Waterloo Place, the survival of the firm played (in later years) an important part in the music trade of Edinburgh and Glasgow. The firm of Muir, Wood & Co. were very active publishers and much sheet music bears their imprint, having all three addresses. They published also some collections as : Gow's " Second Collection of Strathspey Reels," and George Thomson's " Select Collection of Original Scottish Airs." In this instance Thomson's name is entirely suppressed, it is therefore possible the work may have been issued without his consent. Another one is "A Collection of

 

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Minuets, Cotillions, Allemands...by Charles Stewart, musician to Mr. Strange," folio. They published also some early pieces by George F. Graham.

 

Oliver & Boyd. The head of the firm was Thomas Oliver and they are well known by the many beautifully printed collections of songs, editions of Burns, etc., mainly embellished with woodcuts of the Bewick school. In addition to the several neat song volumes which bear their imprint are the following, having music printed from moveable type : " The Minstrel, a choice selection of much admired Scottish Songs... Edinburgh, Oliver & Co., Netherbow," 12mo; "The English Minstrel, a selection favourite songs with music Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd, Fountain Well, High Street," 12mo, marked on first page as volume II. This has a frontispiece of a volunteer, and the outside boards have the imprint of Lane, Newman & Co., London." The companion volume to this is " The Scottish Minstrel," with the names Lane & Newman, and the date 1807, but certainly printed by Oliver & Boyd. Another " Scottish " and " English " Minstrel are two volumes of the same size, but quite different in contents ; frontispieces, and engraved titles, " Edinburgh, printed and published by Oliver & Boyd," much later than the foregoing, the cover of one bearing the date 1815. About this year, Oliver & Boyd published a folio volume, with type printed music, entitled "The Charms of Scottish Melody. ..Edinburgh, printed by and for Oliver & Boyd, Baron Grant's Close, High Street," folio, p.p. 102. The firm, at an earlier date, printed other works, which were afterwards republished by Crosby (see p. 35). In 1816 and 1818 they published the two fine volumes of "Albyn's Anthology," by Alexander Campbell.

 

Penson, Robertson & Co. The firm consisted of Wm. Penson and Alexander Robertson, both Edinburgh musicians. In 1801, Alexander Robertson is described in the directory as a music engraver, at the head of the Luckenbooths, but in 1809 he is a music teacher in Libberton's Wynd. Wm. Penson was also a music teacher in this same year at 6, South James St. In 1811 the two had conjoined and commenced business at 47, Princes Street, where they remained in partnership until 1819 or 1820 having also a music academy at 13, George St. In 1822 Alexander Robertson held the business alone and

 

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remained at the same shop until late years (see Robertson). Penson & Robertson published a quantity of sheet music, much of which "was arranged by one or other of the partners.

 

Phinn, Thomas. An early Edinburgh music engraver, whose name is on 'Bremner's "Thirty Scots Songs," published in 1757. He also engraved a work mentioned by David Laing (Introduction to Johnson's Museum, p. cii) with the title " A. Collection of Airs, etc., for the Violin or German Flute... taken from the best masters and published in six numbers... to be had at the shop of Thos. Phinn, engraver, Luckenbooths," oblong 4to, Laing gives the date circa 1776, but the book must be fifteen or twenty years earlier.

 

Purdie, Robert. The founder of a very large and important Edinburgh business. In 1 804 he was a teacher of music in Jollie's Close in the Cannongate, but in 1805 he had gone to 3, James Street, where he remained until 1808. In 1809 he had opened a music shop at 35, Princes Street, and here commenced publishing sheet music. The number of the premises was changed in 1813 to 71, but in 1816 it was No. 70. It remained thus until 1828 when it was changed again to 83, Princes Street, and was so up to 1837. About this date the business was in the hands of John Purdie at the same address.

Besides the great quantity of sheet music which he published he issued several important works, of which the chief is a collection of Scottish Songs in large octavo, arranged by R. A. Smith, and the literary contents edited and re- written by Lady Nairne and some other ladies. This work entitled " The Scotish Minstrel " extended to six volumes, the first three of which were reviewed in 1822. The first edition of it may be distinguished by the address 70, Princes Street, while the second, in which there are some alterations, by that of 83, Princes Street. The third edition also has this, but it is from impressions of the plates worked off upon stone, and lacks the beauty both in the vignette title pages and in the music of the earlier copies. After the first publication of " The Scotish Minstrel," an " Irish Minstrel " was put forth in one volume of the same size and under the same musical editorship. It appeared, however, that Purdie had infringed on the copyright of some of the airs used by Thomas Moore and the first edition was suppressed. It was again re-issued however with certain of the plates replaced by others. In 1827 another volume of the same size and character was pub-

 

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lished, " Select Melodies, with appropriate words, chiefly original, collected and arranged by R. A. Smith," large 8vo. Robert and John Purdie, in conjunction with Alexander Robertson, re-published the Strathspeys and Reels originally issued by the Gow family.

 

Read, James. An early music engraver, who worked for Bremner and Stewart. He cut for Bremner "A Curious Collection of Scots Tunes... James Read, Sculpt., Edinburgh," oblong folio, published in 1759, and for Neil Stewart, " A Collection of the newest and best Reels or Country Dances... James Read, Sculpt.," oblong 4to, published in 1761. No doubt other work of his about this time might be identified.

 

Robertson, Daniel. A music seller with, in 1819, a shop at 21, South College Street. He published about, or a little before this date, two pretty miniature volumes of engraved songs and music, " A Selection of Scots, English, and Irish Songs Edinburgh, printed and sold by D. Robertson, music seller, 21, South College Street,', volume 1 and 2, very small quarto. I have not yet found any other works bearing his imprint.

 

Robertson, Alexander. Was originally an engraver and afterwards a music teacher. He was, in 1811, in partnership with Wm. Penson until 1819-20 {see Penson, Robertson & Co). He still kept on the premises, 47, Princes Street, and 13, George Street, pushed forward the business with great vigour, and remained until late years. Later on his number in Princes Street had changed to 39. In addition to sheet music Robertson published several serial works as " Popular National Melodies, arranged by James Dewar," folio. Previously he had himself arranged " The Select Melodies of Scotland," 4to, published by Penson & Robertson in 1814. On the breaking up of Nathaniel Gow's business he, along with Robert Purdie, seems to have acquired the copyright of the " Strathspey," etc. These were re-issued from freshly engraved plates and bore Robert & John Purdie's names in addition to that of Robertson. He published also the new collections by Nathaniel Gow entitled the " Vocal Melodies of Scotland," 3 parts, folio; "The Beauties of Niel Gow," 3 parts, folio ; " The Ancient Curious Collection of Scotland," by Nathaniel Gow, 1823, folio; "A Select Collection of

 

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original dances, Nath Gow," folio ; " A Collection of Airs, Reels, and Strathspeys, by the late Niel Gow, junior," folio, published 1840. Most of these were issued with the address, 39, Princes Street.

 

Rochead & Son. In 1804, Andrew Rochead was a musical instrument maker at 1, Castle Hill. In 1805, a son was in partnership and the firm was Rochead & Son, at Castle Hill and 4, Greenside Place. In 1811, the directory gives 370, Castle Hill, and 1819 and 1822,No. 378. In 1813, they had a shop, 14, Princes Street, this address is on sheet music. The name is absent from the directory of 1823, and the business probably ceased. Besides the usual amount of sheet music Rochead & Son re-published Urbani's " Select original Scottish Airs," in folio volumes. They also issued two thin folio books of " A Collection of original Scottish Airs... the poetry by Allan Ramsay, Burns, and other eminent Scotch poets," 2 books, folio, circa 1810.

 

Ross, Robert. -A music seller, who, towards the close of the eighteenth century, published many single half-sheet songs, generally Scottish, and printed on very thin paper. His address at this time was at the head of Carruber's Close. His name is found in the subscription lists of Scottish publications, and as selling Boyd's " Psalm and Hymn Tunes," 1793. It is also in the directories for 1801 and r8o4. Mr. John Glen, in his " Scottish Dance Music," quotes a notice of him dated 1769 ; he also gives the title page of a Collection of Reels published by Ross, with the imprint " at his music shop at Fountain Well." This was issued in 1780, oblong 4to.

 

Sibbald, James. An Edinburgh bookseller, who published several literary works, including an "Edinburgh Magazine, or Literary Miscellany," (volume X is for 1789). He appears to have also kept a music shop in Parliament Square, and from here published "A Collection of Catches, Canons, Glees, and Duetts, etc.... Antient and Modern. ..Edinburgh, printed for J. Sibbald, Parliament Square, and Messrs. Corri & Sutherland," oblong folio, preface dated 1780. This work was re-published by Longman & Broderip, and dementi & Co., as well as by Nath Gow. Sibbald also issued many single half-sheet songs, and commenced a continuation of Stewart's "Vocal Magazine," under the title "No. 1, The Vocal Magazine, new series.. .Edinburgh, printed for J. Sibbald, Parliament Close, sold by J. Hamilton, North Bridge, and other music sellers" :

 

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one octave number with twenty songs, and the first portion of Holden's " Rudiments of Practical Music." The music is from engraved plates. This was issued about 1802. Sibbald is said to have died in 1803. His name is in the directory for 1801 with the address 28, Parliament Close.

 

Stewart, Charles. A printer to the University, who was in partnership with others having, in 1797, a printing house at the head of Forrester's Wynd. In 1809, the office was in Old Bank Close. His only musical work I have knowledge of is one which was issued in shilling monthly parts, under the title " The Vocal Magazine, containing a selection of the most esteemed English, Scots, and Irish Songs ; antient and modern . . Edinburgh, printed by C. Stewart & Co., 8vo. The book reached to three volumes, dated respectively, 1797, 1798, and 1799, and the music is printed from type. Part XIX, which formed the commencement of another volume, is dated on the cover 1800. The work was, however, never carried further, possibly owing to the changes in the firm. About 1802, another book with the same title was commenced by J. Sibbald ; of this I have seen but the first part.

 

Stewart, Neil. The first notice I can find regarding this well known Edinburgh music publisher is an advertisement in the " Edinburgh Evening Courant," October 20th, 1759 ; it is to this effect : " Neil Stewart, at the sign of the Violin and German Flute, in the Exchange, has lately arrived from London and brought down from the best makers a large assortment of music and musical instruments All sorts of instruments taken to mend." At the first building of the Exchange in the High Street, opposite the Cross, the lower frontage consisted of shops (see Arnot's History of Edinburgh), and Stewart appears to have been established here as a music seller. On January 24th, 1761, he advertises again, and has now removed to opposite Blackfriar's Wynd, possibly to Bremner's old shop, for this was the latter's address before he removed higher up the street, near the Cross. The advertisement in the " Courant " has a woodcut of a lady playing a guitar prefixed, and runs : " At Neil Stewart's musick shop, opposite the head of Blackfrier's Wynd, Edinburgh, the following instruments may be had, viz: ^Violins at all prices McGibbon's first and second Collection of Scots Tunes, done on new plates and the best of paper. Country Dances and Minuets, with McGibbon's Collection of Country Dances and Minuets... (January 24th, 1761).

 

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On July 27th, 1761, he again advertises: " McGibbon's 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Collection of Scots Tunes, neatly engraved ; A Collection of Scots, English, and Irish Tunes, newly collected for two guitars, 2/-. Two new numbers of Country Dances, and one of Minuets ; proposals for printing by subscription a collection of Marches, Airs, etc., in parts for Violins, German Flutes, and Hautboys, with bass for Harpsichord with an alphabetical dictionary of words which occur in music, 12 numbers." It is easy to see that Stewart quickly became a rival to Bremner, for every publication advertised above is a copy or a duplicate of others by Bremner. Bremner published McGibbon from the old plates, while Stewart put forth a rival edition newly engraved. Stewart also issued a series of numbers of " Marches and Airs," and of " Reels and Country Dances," as well as of " Minuets," all in oblong quarto, and in the same style as Bremner's editions of similar works. According to Mr. Glen's " Scottish Dance Music," Stewart removed again to the Exchange, and, in 1770, either he or his son was, as " Neil Stewart, junior," at a shop in an entry leading to Miln's Square, facing the Tron Church. From here he removed to a shop in Parliament Square (or Close as it was indifferently called) and remained here for some time. Mr. Glen gives the dates from May, 1773 to 1792, and that of 1787 for another shop at 40, South Bridge Street. After 1792 to 1802 they were at 37, South Bridge Street, and next year at 39, South Bridge Street. The date given for their cessation of business is December, 1805. In the later portion of their career the firm was N. & M. Stewart, and sometimes Stewart & Co. N. & M. were probably sons of the original Neil Stewart, and they published the usual quantity of sheet music. The more important of Stewart's collections are as under :

1761 A Collection of Scots Tunes, some with variations, for a Violin, Hautboy, or German Flute, .by William McGibbon, Edinburgh, printed for and sold by Neil Stewart, at his music shop, opposite the head of Blackfryer's Wynd, where may be had a variety of music and musical instruments, at the London price, oblong folio ; 3 books (advertised as published in 1761).

1761-2 A Collection of the newest and best Reels, or Country Dances, adapted for the Violin or German Flute. .Edinburgh, printed for and sold by Neil Stewart, at his music shop, opposite Blackfrier's Wynd .. oblong 4to, 9 numbers, the first of which appeared in 1761.

1761 A Collection of Scots, English, and Irish tunes, for two guitars, (advertised in 1761).

 

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1761-2 A Collection of Marches and Airs, for Violins, German Flutes, and Hautboys . . published in twelve numbers, by Neil Stewart, at his music shop, opposite the head of Black- fryer's Wynd, Edinburgh, where may be had Mr. McGibbon's Scots Tunes, 3 books ; Pepusch's Airs for two Violins ; A Collection of Scots, English, and Irish Tunes, for the Guittar. Several numbers of Scots Reels and Minuets, also a variety of music and musical instruments, at the London prices ; oblong 4to.

This Collection of Marches was advertised in the Courant, in July, 1761, the first number being published in August of the same year.

C. 1762 A New Collection of Scots and English Tunes, adapted to the guittar, with some of' the best songs out of the Beggars' Opera and other curious ballads, printed and sold by Neil Steuart, at his music shop, opposite the head of Blackfryer's Wynd, Edinburgh, oblong 4to. (A copy in the Wighton Collection-)

C. 1763 Love in a Village, for the Guitar.

C. 1770 A Collection of the newest and best Minuets, adapted for the Violin, or German Flute Edinburgh, printed for and sold by Neil Stewart, at his music shop, opposite the Tron Church, oblong 4to

C. 1772 A Collection of Favourite Scots Tunes, with variations for the violin, and a bass for the violoncello and harpsichord, by the late Mr. Chs. McLean, and other Eminent Masters. . Edinburgh, printed for and sold by N. Stewart, at his music shop, opposite the Tron Church, .oblong folio.

C. 1780 A Collection of Strathspey Reels, with a bass for the Violoncello or Harpsichord, by Alexander McGlashan, ..Edinburgh, printed for A. McGlashan, and sold by Neil Stewart, at his music shop in Parliament Square.. oblong folio.

C. 1781 A Collection of Scots Measures, Hornpipes, Jigs, Allmands, and Cotillions. .. .by Alexander McGlashan, Edinburgh, printed for the publisher, and sold by Neil Stewart, Parliament Square, .oblong folio.

C 1786 A Collection of Reels, consisting chiefly of Strathspeys, Athole Reels, etc,, with a bass for the violoncello or harpsichord : Edinburgh, printed and sold by N. Stewart, at his music shop, Parliament Square, .oblong folio.

C. 1781-2 A Collection of Strathspey Reels, with a bass for the violoncello or harpsichord .... composed by Wm. Marshall, printed for Neil Stewart,, and sold at his music shop. Parliament Square, Edinburgh . . oblong folio.

C 1780-5 A Collection of Scots Songs, adapted for a voice and harpsichord Edinburgh, printed and sold by Neil Stewart, at his shop, Parliament Square, .folio

A Second Collection of Airs and Marches, for two violins, German flutes, and hautboys .... Edinburgh, printed and sold by N. Stewart, at his shop. Parliament Close, oblong 4to

 

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C. 1780 A Collection of Catches, Canons, Glees, Duettos, etc Edinburgh, printed for N. Stewart .... Parliament Close, oblong 4to. (This is James Sibbald's Collection of Glees) .

C. 1795 A Third Collection of Strathspey Reels, etc. .by Neil Gow, at Dunkeld.. ..Edinburgh, printed and sold by N. & M. Stewart, music sellers, 37, South Bridge St. . .folio.

C, 1795 Thirty Scots Songs, adapted for a voice or harpsichord, the words by Allan Ramsay ., Edinburgh, Book 1st, printed and sold by N. Stewart & Co., 37, South Bridge Street, folio.

Ditto, a second and third book ; the first two are re-prints of Bremner's editions ; the third is the one issued by Stewart, named above.

Of many early works named in the above list there are much later re-prints, with the South Bridge Street address. Some late sheet music has the address, 40, S. Bridge Street, and some other 39, South Bridge Street.

 

Sutherland, John. Was a book and music seller at 27, Leith Street, in 1809, but in 1811 and onwards, until at least 1830, his address was 9, Calton Street, at the head of Leith Walk. The accidental discovery that an apprentice was wanted here formed the turning point in the career of the Scotch publisher, William Chambers. Young Chambers was an apprentice here from 1814 to 1819, and on his release set up business for himself in a small bookstall in Leith Walk. Sutherland published several collections of music and also a moderate quantity of sheet music. The following are among those of his publications which I have seen.

C. 1815 Guida di Musica, being a complete book of Instructions for Beginners on the Harpsichord or Pianoforte .. by James Hook. .Edinburgh, printed for and sold by John Sutherland, at his circulating library, book and music warehouse, Calton Street: .oblong folio, pictorial title.

C. 1815 Edinburgh Repository of Music, containing the most select English, Scottish, and Irish Airs, Reels, Strathspeys, etc., arranged for the German Flute or Violin .... Edinburgh, printed and sold by J. Sutherland, at his book and music warehouse, Calton Street, 3 books, small oblong.

C. 1815 Macleod's Collection of Airs, Marches, Waltzes, and Rondos, carefully arranged for two German Flutes.. Engraved by W. Hutton. .No. I, II, and III, Edinburgh, printed and sold by J. Sutherland. .Calton Street, small oblong, 3 books.

C. 1816 Clarke's Collection of Favourite Airs, No. VI.. . .Printed and sold by J. Sutherland, 9, Calton Street, folio

1818 Miniature Museum of Scotch Songs and Music, written by Scots Poets, .arranged for the voice and pianoforte by the most eminent composers .... Edinburgh, printed for and sold by John Sutherland, No. 9, Calton Street.. 2 volumes.

 

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3 parts in each volume, small quarto. The whole is engraved by Walker & Anderson, and the first volume seems to have been published by them. The preface to the first volume in the original edition is dated 1st April, 1818. The whole work was afterwards, at a very late period, re-published in lithography.

 

Thomson, George. Perhaps he may not have very full claim to be classed among music publishers, except so far that he bore the expense and undertook the sale of his own Collections of Scotch, Welsh, and Irish Airs.

In September, 1792, Thomson wrote to Robert Burns, mentioning that with a friend or two he had spent much time in selecting and collating the most favourite of the Scottish Melodies, with a view to publication ; that he had engaged Pleyel, whom he calls the most agreeable composer living, to put the accompaniments to them, and he asks Burns, where necessary, to write new words to the tunes at a reasonable charge. Burns entered into the project, but declined any payment, an example which the musicians did not follow. Though Burns wrote some of his finest lyrics for the work, yet the arrangement of the airs by foreign composers, and Thomson's entire misconception of what such a book should be, makes the work not altogether satisfactory. The first set of twenty five songs or half-a-volume was issued May 1st, 1793, under the title " A Select Collection of Original Scotish Airs, for the Voice London, Preston & Son, 97, Strand, for the proprietor," folio (music engraved, the words of the songs type printed). The harmonies of this first set are by Pleyel, but owing to the difficulty of communicating with this musician, who was on the Continent during the war, the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th sets, published some years afterwards, are arranged by Kozeluch. Haydn was next employed, and then Beethoven, Bishop, and Hummell. The fifth volume, which, with the cantata of the "Jolly Beggars, completed the work, was published in 1818. Thomson was so constantly re-issuing and getting fresh plates engraved, that it is difficult to give the exact dates of the various editions. At quite a late date Thomson & Preston published the songs singly in folio, with a vignette by Stothard. In 1809, he commenced the publication of his Welsh series, which ultimately reached to three volumes (vol. 2, 181 1 ; vol. 3, 1814). In 1814 and 1816, he published the first and the second volumes of his Irish Songs, with the harmonies by Beethoven. All these works are similar in style to the Scottish volumes. They are beautifully printed and engraved and

 

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have frontispieces to each volume. In 1822, he began the issue of a small series in royal octavo, which included songs selected from all three collections ; in 1825, this attained to six volumes, with plates by D. Allan and T. Stothard. About the time of the first publication of his Scottish work he issued a set of twelve Sonatas, arranged from Scottish Airs, for the violin, by Pleyel, folio. All his works are signed on the title page with his neat autograph.

George Thomson, who was born in 1757, and died in 1851, formed a connecting link between the literary men of two generations. His daughter married George Hogarth, the musical writer and critic, and the daughter of Hogarth married Charles Dickens. There is a portrait of Thomson in the Scotch National Gallery, which has been twice engraved. The interesting correspondence between Burns and Thomson is in most editions of the poet's works. A volume containing much information concerning Thomson has recently been published.

 

Urbani & Liston. Had a shop at 10, Princes Street, and were extensive Edinburgh music sellers, but did not publish very much on their own account except sheet music. Peter Urbani, the senior partner, was an Italian musician, who was born at Milan about 1749. He settled in Edinburgh about 1776 and became one of the leading concert musicians. He arranged several volumes of Scots songs and airs, in folio, the first two of which he published before he had entered into the music business. The title was : " A Selection of Scots Songs, harmonised and improved by Peter Urbani, professor of music. Book I : Printed for the author, and sold at his house, foot of Carruther's Close," folio, circa 1792. Book II, with the same imprint, was published in 1794. Book III (which was issued in 1799) and the later ones, have the name of the firm, Urbani & Liston, 10, Princes Street. Book IV, circa 1800-1 ; Books V and VI, which are dated February, 1805, completed the work. These six books were re-published in three volumes about 1810-12 by Rochead & Son, from the same plates, and again by John Sutherland. Another publication was "A Favourite Selection of Scots Tunes, properly arranged as duettos for two German flutes, or two violins, by P. Urbani," 2 books, oblong 4to. ; this was again re-printed by Muir, Wood & Co. About 1808-9 Urbani & Liston appear to have ceased business, which will account for the re-production of the above works

 

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by other publishers. Urbani became in embarrassed circumstances and went to Dublin, where he died in 1816 in his 67th year.

 

Walker, George. Had no connection with the London music publisher of the same name, but was purely a music engraver, who was in business in Edinburgh some time near the year 1790 ; one of his early works, shortly after this date, being the engraving of William Shepherd's " Collection of Strathspey Reels." It is not unlikely that he may have been an apprentice of Johnson. In 1801 his address was " Head of Skinner's Close," and in 1805, at Fountain Well, where he stayed until 1809-10. He now went into partnership with William Hutton, with an address in Foulis Close and here the partnership continued until 1815-16, when Hutton set up on his own account and Walker joined John Anderson, the former partner with Mrs. Johnson. Walker & Anderson were, in 1816, at 42, High St., where they remained up to 1828. After 1825, the firm was styled Walker & Co., and they were in 1829-30 at 2, North Bridge. Walker's name alone is attached to much Scotch music, and after the death of James Johnson in 1811 he and his partners had the entire trade of music engraving and printing among them. They do not ever appear to have acted as music sellers or publishers.

 

Watlen, John. He was, as many of his title pages inform us, originally of the Royal Navy, and must have been much of an erratic genius with a taste for musical composition. Among his musical works are sonatas, concertos, descriptive works, as "The Siege of Toulon," etc. Some of these were published by the Edinburgh music sellers before his own entrance into the music business. In 1788 his own and his wife's name are placed in the subscription list of Gow's " Second Collection of Strathspey Reels," from which it appears he was a music master and tuner in St. James' Square, Edinburgh. After this he was at 17, Princes Street, from whence he published "The Celebrated Circus Tunes, performed at Edinburgh this season," folio. Another set of " Circus Tunes " was also published in numbers by Stewart & Co. Watlen now opened a music shop at 13, North Bridge, and published sheet songs. " Yarrow Vale," his own composition, has this imprint. He, however, cannot have stayed more than a few months here, but removing to 34, North Bridge, he, during the last six or seven years of the century, issued many hundred sheet songs and larger publica-

 

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tions. At one time he had a London agency with Mr. F. Linley, the successor to John Bland, but this was before Linley removed to Holborn, for his address, as given on Watlen's sheet songs, was 42, Penton Street, Pentonville. He next had a London agency at No. 1, Charlotte Row, Long Lane, Southwark. Watlen's business was pretty extensive, but towards the end of the century he seems to have fled to avoid arrest for debt to the sanctuary of Holyrood, and while here he published sheet songs, one of which is " Sandy, a favourite Scots song... by Robt. Burns... printed and sold by John Watlen, at his house, the Hermitage, Abbey Hill, where may be had his terms for teaching the pianoforte, singing, and violin, also all his musical works." His Edinburgh career having come to an end he removed about 1800 to London, where he recommenced business. (See London section.)

 

Whyte, Wm. He was in business as a music seller and stationer before 1 800 at 1, South St. Andrew's Street. After 1808, his address became No. 17 in the same street. After 1811 until 1825, the number was 12, but in 1826, Wm. Whyte & Co. removed to 13, George Street, where they were in 1830. Before Whyte entered into partner- ship he published a quantity of half-sheet Scotch songs with the address 1, South St. Andrew's Street, or No. 17. With the first named imprint he published, in 1806 and 1807, two volumes of a folio Collection of Scotch Songs, with the airs harmonised by Haydn ; it was issued as a rival to George Thomson's publication.

 

Glasgow.

 

Adams, Alexander. He printed a small volume named " The Musical Repository, a collection of favourite Scotch, English, and Irish Songs, set to music... Glasgow, printed by Alex Adams, for A. Carrick, bookseller, Saltmarket, 1799." 12mo., p.p. 278. The book is nicely printed, the music being from type.

 

Aird, James. -A- Glasgow music seller, who published some half-sheet Scotch songs and airs, as "Jamie O' the Glen," "The Sow's tail to Geordie," "What a beau my grannie was," this latter with the address on the imprint, " New Wynd." His more important works are a Collection of Reels, in oblong 4to, " A Favourite Collection of Scots Tunes and Highland Airs by W. McGibbon, J. Oswald, and others," oblong 4to (this was afterwards re-

 

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printed from the old plates by A. McGoun. Aird's better known work is " A Selection of Scotch, English, Irish and Foreign Airs adapted to the Fife, Violin, or German Flute... Glasgow, printed and sold by James Aird," small oblong, the above being contained on the head of a drum which forms the pictorial title. The second selection has a representation of soldiers and sailors on the title page. Mr. Glen fixes the date of these two selections as 1782; of the third, 1788: fourth, 1794; fifth, 1797; and sixth much later. These volumes, which contain much curious matter, were re-published by McFadyen and by George Goulding. It is certain that Aird himself did not publish any after the fourth. Mr. Glen also gives the title of a work arranged by Joshua Campbell, and printed and sold by J. Aird in the Candleriggs, the date of which he fixes as 1778, and has ascertained that Aird died in 1795. The following early trade card belongs to Mr. Arthur F. Hill, circa 1780, "James Aird, junior, at his shop near McNair's land, New Street, Glasgow, sells variety of music and musical instruments, viz., violins, German and common flutes, fifes, spinets, hautboys, pianofortes, French horns, clarionets, a great variety of single and double songs ; gilt and plain writing paper, best Dutch sealing wax and quills, Irish wafers, for home sale and exportation. Spinets, violins, and German flutes, with other musical instruments lent out per month or quarter." On Aird's death his plates were sold to McGoun and to McFadyen, who both re-printed from them.

 

McFadyen, Joseph. An extensive music seller in Glasgow, who was established in Wilson Street sometime about 1790. He appears to have founded his business to a certain extent upon the remains of Aird's. He re-issued some of the latter's publications from the original plates, including Aird's " Selection of Scotch, English, Irish, and Foreign Airs"; he added to it the final fifth and sixth volumes. Another work, in oblong 4to, is "The Repository of Scots and Irish Airs... for the harpsichord or pianoforte." This is the same in title with a similar work for the German flute published by McGoun ; it is probable that Aird was the original publisher, and that the plates were disposed of at his death. About 1795. McFadyen published "A Miscellaneous Collection of the best English and Irish Songs," 8vo, and perhaps a little later a folio " Collection of Highland Strathspey Reels... dedicated to Miss Campbell... printed and sold by J. McFadyen, Wilson Street, Glasgow, Cahusac, London, and Jas. McMillan, Liverpool." These and others

 

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were, in addition to the usual quantity of Scotch vocal music, in sheets and half-sheets. The latest work of his which I have noticed is " The Beauties of Melody. . .arranged for the German flute, by an Amateur, published by J. McFadyen, No. 30, Wilson Street, Glasgow," small oblong; two volumes, the second of which is after 181 7.

 

McGoun, Archibald. His father, Andrew or Archibald McGoun, was a book- seller and a music seller in 1783, with the address, in 1787 and 1789, "head Stockwell." In 1799, McGoun, junior, sold Stewart's " Vocal Magazine," and Archibald McGoun, junior, Argyle St., appears in the directory for 1801. Like McFadyen, he seems to have bought some of the plates engraved for Aird and to have re-printed from them. Among which is " A Favourite Collection of Scots Tunes and Irish Airs, etc. ..by W. McGibbon, J. Oswald, and others, book 1st... Glasgow, printed and sold by A. McGoun, at his music shop, Argyle Street," oblong 4to. Another folio collection is " The Favourite Short Troop of the 1st Battalion of Breadalbane Fencibles...by J. H. Rose. ..Glasgow, printed for and sold by A. MacGoun, music seller and stationer, Argyle Street," circa 1790, folio. Another, "The Repository of Scots and Irish Airs, Strathspey Reels, &c., for the German Flute or Fife printed and sold by A. McGoun, stationer and music seller, Glasgow, where may be had the Repository for the Harpsichord or Violin," oblong 4to. A work with the same title was also published by McFadyen. His name is also attached to a little song book, the music type printed by Oliver & Co. " The Songster's Favourite Companion, Glasgow, printed for A. McGoun, music seller, by Oliver & Co., Edinburgh," i2mo, circa 1810 ; there is also a good deal of half-sheet vocal music which has his imprint.

 

Steven, James. The directory for 1801 gives him as at King Street, but shortly after this date his shop is 35, Wilson Street, and a large number of half-sheet songs about 1805-10 in date bear this address. At a much later date than this he published several of R. A. Smith's songs, including " Jessie, the Flower O'Dumblane," the popularity of which drew forth several direct imitations and piracies.

 

Taylor, Joseph. Published about 1810-12 a couple of small oblong volumes for the flute, entitled " Gale's Pocket Companion, for the German

 

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Flute or Violin... selected by the author, Glasgow, printed and sold by Joseph Taylor, at his music and pianoforte warehouse, 18, Hutchinson Street... flutes and violins made and repaired," volumes 1 and 2.

 

Paisley.

 

Blaikie, Andrew. An engraver; whose name occurs on the title page of " A Collection of Irish Airs and Jiggs, with variations... by John Murphy, performer on the union pipes at Eglinton Castle. . .engraved by A. Blakie, Paisley," folio, no other imprint, circa 1808-10. Andrew Blaikie took much interest in the antiquarian study of Scottish music, and at one time had in his possession at least a couple of manuscript volumes in tablature, with the dates 1683 and 1692.

 

Perth.

 

Anderson, J. George Street, a music seller who published a few half-sheet songs at the close of the 18th century. One is, "The Ill Wife. ..London, printed for and sold by J. Anderson, music seller, George St., Perth. ..N.B. Just published Anderson's Flute Companion, volume 2; also Jenny Bawbee, with 12 variations." The Flute Companion above named is "Anderson's Pocket Companion of the most approved Highland Strathspeys, Country Dances, etc., for the German flute, fife, hautboy, and violin... printed and sold by J. Anderson, music seller, Perth, where may be had a choice collection of music and instruments," oblong 8vo, 2 volumes, circa 1795- 1800.

 

Bowie & Hill. The senior partner was John Bowie, a Perth musician, who, as Mr. Glen points out in his " Scottish Dance Music," entered into business with T. Hill, in 1803, at a shop in George Street. John Bowie died in 1815, but Mr. Glen quotes an advertisement showing that Hill continued the business alone. Bowie & Hill do not appear to have published very largely. One sheet in my own library is " Four New Tunes, for the pianoforte or violin, published by John Bowie, with the permission of the different composers, Edinburgh, printed for and sold by Bowie & Hill, music sellers, Perth" ; it contains a waltz, with the statement that it was danced on June 1st, 1803.

 

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Brown, J. He was a letterpress printer who printed a 12mo edition of Ramsay's " Gentle Shep- herd," with the music to the songs worked from type. The imprint is :" At Perth, printed by J. Brown, printer to the Perth Antiquarian Society, Anno 1786." Another more important work is, " The Musical Miscellany, a select collection of the most approved Scots, English, and Irish Songs, set to music, Perth, printed by J. Brown, 1786," title and frontispiece engraved, 8vo. It is an excellent volume of songs, with the music type printed.

 

Irish Music Publishers

 

 

Belfast.

 

Simms & Mclntyre. 24, High Street, published a curious volume, entitled: "A Collection of Ancient Irish Airs, adapted for the harp, violin, flute, and pipes, by John Mulholland, volume I, Belfast, printed by Simms & Mclntyre," volume II is dated 1810.

 

Dublin.

 

Alday, Paul. Succeeded to the old established music business which had been carried on for half-a-century by the Rhames family at 16, Exchange Street. He acquired this about 1811, and published sheet music. One of his earliest pieces to which I can fix a date is " Sadler's Ascent, a favourite waltz... dedicated to the Earl of Belvidere... Dublin, published by P. Alday, 16, Exchange Street." This is in commemoration of an unsuccessful attempt to cross the Irish Channel made by James Sadler, on October 1st, 1812. The event produced another sheet song (probably many), "Paddy's Balloon." Other of Alday's pieces are several sets of Country Dances on half-sheets, with the imprint " published by P. Alday (late Rhames' musical circulating library), 16, Exchange Street." As appears by a notice on one of J. Power's sheets, Alday was possessed of the copyright of Sir John Stevenson's compositions, which had formerly belonged

 

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to Rhames ; these, however, he sold to Power. Before 1824, Alday had removed to 10, Dame Street, and here he remained until after 1827, still continuing to issue publications of various kinds.

 

Attwood, Elizabeth. A Dublin music seller with the address, 4, Naussau St. Her stamp or engraved label is found on many publications, and she is named as agent for the sale of others. She was at the above address from before 1820 to after 1827. I have not discovered what work she published on her own account, if any.

 

Allen, George. A copper plate engraver who published some musical works. One is " Cambrian Harmony, being a collection of Welsh Airs never before published, arranged as they were originally performed by the Ancient Britons... by Richard Roberts, Dublin, published for the author, and to be had at his residence, Carnavon," folio, circa 1800-10 (Taphouse). This veracious publication of the never before published tunes coeval with the, Druids opens with the " King's Joy," which tune is " The King shall enjoy his own again " ; it contains a printed advertisement of George Allen's, of Smock Alley. He printed and published several books of sacred music.

 

Browne, D. 12, Upper Sackville Street, published sheet music, vocal pieces, and pianoforte arrangements sometime between the years 1810-15 to 1820. .

 

Christy, J. published the second edition of Joseph C. Walker's " Historical Memoirs of the Irish Bards," 1818, 2 volumes, 8vo, the music is all engraved.

 

Cooke, B. He was probably the Bartlett or Bartholomew Cooke, who was a noted oboe player and father to T. Cooke, the Irish composer. He had, about 1790, a music business in Dublin at 4, Sackville Street, and from here he published a good deal of sheet music, including songs, country dances, and instrumental pieces. He also issued a pirated edition of George Thomson's Selection of Scots Tunes. About 1799, the business was transferred to Gough at the same address.

Friendship, a new song or duet. .. .Dublin, published at Cooke's Music Warehouse, No. 4, Sackville Street.

C. 1795 "The Friar" ("l am a Friar of Order's Grey"); "The Western Sky was purpled o'er " Dublin, B. Cooke, at his pianoforte, harp, and music warehouse, No. 4, Sackville Street, etc.

 

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1796 A Selection of Dances for 1796. (Culwich).

Cooke's Selection of twenty-one favourite original Irish Airs (never before printed) arranged for the pianoforte, violin, or flute. .Dublin, published by B. Cooke, at his pianoforte, harp, and music warehouse. No. 4, Sackville Street, folio (This was afterwards republished or copied by Gough, his successor).

 

Cooke, T. Probably the son of the foregoing, and apparently the same with T. S. Cooke, the Irish composer, who was born in Dublin in 1782 (died 1848). Cooke, at a remarkably early age, commenced musical com- position, and about 1805-10 was (in partnership with others) in the music trade. One piece of sheet music having their imprint is " Bang up, a rondo for the pianoforte, composed by T. Cooke, Dublin, published at T. Cooke & Co.'s music and musical instrument warehouse, 45, Dame Street." Their engraved label is also found pasted over the imprints of other publishers.

 

Gillard. A music seller at the " Music Saloon, 27, Lower Sackville Street. He published some little sheet music and was the Dublin agent in 1818-19 for the London firm of Phillips & Mayhew, 17, Old Bond Street.

 

Exshaw E. A Dublin bookseller who, in 1740, had a shop on Corkhill. Forty or fifty years after this he or his successors published a Dublin Journal " Exshaw's Magazine," with which were given musical supplements, set up from moveable type. One of these, in my own library, is a song entitled " De Kilmainham Minit," and a dance "The Devonshire Minuet," "printed for Exshaw's Magazine," circa 1785. The tune of the first named is the one always employed for " The night before Larry was stretched," and the song itself is written upon similar lines. I have failed to find any copies of the magazine in the British Museum Library, but Dr. Culwick, of Dublin, mentions a copy for the year 1787.

 

Gough. With the provoking habit of many Irish music publishers, he gives no initials or Christian name on his imprints. He succeeded about 1799 to the business which had formerly been carried on by B. Cooke, No. 4, Sackville Street. His publications are very coarsely engraved and consist in the main of half sheet songs printed on thin paper. At an early date he issued a pirated edition of Bunting's first collection, originally published by Preston in 1796, and one of Edward Jones' " Musical and Poetical Relics

 

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of the Welsh Bards," (1784, 1794, 1800, etc). He printed songs from the opera, "Paul and Virginia" (1800), and from " Pizarro," by Kelly (1799) ; also sets of country dances in folio.

C. 1800 A General Collection of the Ancient Irish Music by Edward Bunting, Dublin, published by Gough, at his music and instrument warehouse. No. 4, Sackville Street, where may be had Musical Relicks of the Welsh Bards, by Edward Jones, price 13s., English edition, 1 14s. 11d. Cooke's Selection of Irish Music ; the music of Pizzarro by Kelly., folio.

C. 1800 Ackee O Ackee [in Paul and Virginia] ; Orphan Bess (on this is advertised a new collection of Country Dances for 1800) ; Magery Grinder ; Don't you remember ; and other half sheet songs.

 

Goulding & Knevitt. This was the Dublin branch of the large London firm, Goulding, D'Almaine & Co. Knevitt seemed to have been exclusively engaged with the Irish part of the business and was probably a partner only so far as that portion was concerned. The Dublin shop was at 7, Westmoreland Street, and I first find it mentioned on the imprints about 1803. This was held until about 1820, when the premises were taken over by Isaac Willis ; the directory shows the latter here in 1824. I think it is likely that upon giving up the Westmoreland Street shop they severed their direct connection with Ireland, for I have found no later trace of the Goulding firm than the above mentioned date.

 

Grierson, Boulter. He was the King's printer for Ireland and as such held certain privileges. His only musical work that I am acquainted with is ' Trydell's Essays on Music," an early Dublin printed treatise' on the art. The volume consists of 140 pages of letterpress, and a number of engraved plates of music as examples. The work was published in 1766, and bears the following title, with a diagram in the centre, " Two Essays on the theory and practice of Music. ..by the Rev. John Trydell... Dublin, printed for the editor by Boulter Grierson, printer to the King's most excellent Majesty, 1766," 8vo.

 

Hill, J. He printed from moveable type a selection of half-sheet songs taken from the operas then popular. His address was No. 8, Mary Street. All the specimens of his work which I have seen appear to date between 1780 and 1790, and they are invariably printed from moveable type, not, as generally the case, engraved. They

 

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were sold at threepence per song, and much resemble in character those issued some years before in London by Fought and by Falkener. Two in my own collection are : "The Meadows look Chearful, sung by Miss Hitchcock in The Poor Soldier... Dublin, printed by J. Hill, price three- pence," folio ('The Poor Soldier' was^ acted in 1783), and " De Nite before Larry was Stretched, a humorous New-gate song, printed J.Hill, No. 8, Mary Street, Dublin," folio This is the well known Irish cant song. Dr. Culwick informs me that he has also several similar specimens of Hill's work.

 

Hime, M. One of two brothers who, in their time were (exclusive of Scotland) probably the largest music publishers out of London. M. & Humphrey Hime first commenced with a shop in Liverpool, and the directory for 1790 gives the two in partnership in Castle St. Shortly after this date M. Hime must have removed to Dublin, or perhaps already at this date he had a place of business there. The earliest imprint of his which I have seen, and of this only one example, gives the address 26, Dame Street, but he cannot have remained any length of time here, for probably before 1795 he was publishing extensively from his Musical Circulating Library, No. 34, College Green. From this address Hime issued a great deal of music of all kinds and was in fact by far the greatest of Irish music publishers. His music included all the popular vocal pieces from the operas then performing in England, and these songs were generally engraved and printed on half-sheet thin paper, a kind of paper very characteristic of Irish music sheets from the earliest to a fairly late date. Hime seems to have taken advantage of the law, or the laxity of it, regarding the re-publication of English works in Ireland. Before the Union of 1800 the copyright relations between the two countries were as unsatisfactory as they now are between Great Britain and America ; each of the two islands seems to have been free to pirate the other's work. Edward Bunting, although an Irishman, appears from the fact of his issuing his first collection of Irish airs in London, to have suffered considerably, for nearly every Irish music publisher issued a pirated copy of his work, more or less badly engraved. Gough, Hime, Power, and Willis are among these freebooters. Whether Preston, the original publisher, or Bunting had any redress against them I cannot say. George Thomson, of Edinburgh, also suffered similarly.  Hime, of Dublin, used to supply his Liverpool brother with many of these cheapened works, and William Gardiner in " Music and

 

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Friends," tells how he was thus enabled to buy, at a cheap rate, some of Haydn's works. Michael Kelly also in his " Reminiscences," mentions (vol. 2, p. 310) how he was subpoenaed in a law suit, commenced against Hime for publishing a number of Kelly's compositions, and how he had, m 1813, to travel to Dublin in consequence. After being some time at 34, College Green, either the number is changed, or Hime removes to 29, College Green ; this must have been somewhere about the year 1812-13. I have been unable to fix the precise date of his ceasing business, probably it was before 1820. By far the greater number of his imprints have the address, 34, College Green..

C 1795 Four Canzonets and Two Duetts .. dedicated, with permission, to His Grace the Duke of Leinster .. composed by Antonio Puzzi, master of music, and composer to his Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal. .Dublin, printed for the author by Hime, 26, Dame Street, folio.

Hime's Pocket Book, for the German Flute or Violin, containing a great variety of the newest and favourite airs, duets, marches, songs, etc Dublin, published at Hime's Musical Circulating Library, 34, College Green.. 6 volumes, small oblong. (These small oblong flute or violin books were at one time very popular with all publishers.)

C. 1800 Mrs. Parker's much admired Selection of Strathspeys and Reels, folio.

A general Collection of Ancient Irish Music. .Bunting, folio.

Hime's Selection of the most admired original Irish Airs never before printed.

C 1795-6 She lives in the Valley below. Hook ; The Marriage Day; to The Silver Moon; Gary Owen, a favourite dance; Little 1813 Salley ; Werter's Sonnet; Robin Adair; etc., etc., and many hundred other half-sheet pieces or songs, with the address 34, College Green, or, at a later date, 29, College Green.

 

Holden Smollet. Dr. Petrie in the preface to his " Ancient Music of Ireland," 1855, mentions Smollet Holden, and refers to him as " the most eminent British composer of military music in his time." He was the father of Dr. Francis Holden, himself a musician and a collector of Irish folk melody. Smollet Holden kept a music shop at 26, Parliament Street, sometime towards the end of the eighteenth century. From here he issued sheet music and several very valuable Collections of Irish and other national melodies. He was also a Freemason and published a small folio, selection of Masonic Songs. The following are some of his publications.

 

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C. 1795 A Selection of Masonic Songs, arranged with choruses in parts, and respectfully dedicated to the brothers of the most honourable fraternity of free and accepted Masons, by Br. S. Holden, .. Dublin, published by S. Holden, at his music warehouse. Parliament St., 8vo. (Wighton Collection.)

A Collection of Original Welsh Music, for the harp, pianoforte, flute, or violin, and dedicated to the Prince of Wales. . Dublin, published by S. Holden, 26, Parliament Street, folio. (Wighton Collection )

C. 1800 The Child's wish for May (sheet song, same imprint). Off she goes, the variations by a young lady .... (same imprint).

C 1804-6 A Collection of Old Established Irish Slow and Quick Tunes, arranged for the harp, pianoforte, or bagpipe selected and published by S Holden, Parliament Street, Dublin, 2 vols., folio. (A very interesting and valuable gathering of Irish music, much of which up to then unprinted.)

A Collection of [24] Quick and Slow Marches, Troops, etc., for the pianoforte or harpsichord, folio.

A Periodical Collection of Irish Melodies, folio.

 

Lee. This was a family of music sellers and publishers, dating from a comparatively early period of the Irish music trade. The first of the family in this connection was Sam or Samuel Lee, and he was established at No. 2, Dame Street, probably about 1760 ; there are, at any rate, indications that he was publishing near the year 1767. I am in possession of several half- sheet songs from operas which -were acted in that year, which sheets appear to be of a contemporary date. He also published half-sheet songs in a similar style to these from operas acted in 1773 and 1775. All these half-sheet pieces are beautifully engraved and cleanly printed on fine thin paper ; they are in very marked contrast to the work done by the later Dublin publishers. There is an interesting memory of Sam Lee in O'Keefe's " Recollections," vol. I, p. 320. " The first public performer on the violin of an Irishman was Sam Lee, the leader of the band at Crow Street Theatre. He had wit and was proud. One day he had dined with a pleasant party of friends at Hallogan's Tavern, over Bally-Bough Bridge, as you enter upon the Strand' leading to Clontarf. On their return home, having had some words with one of the party, he refused to walk on the same side of the road with him, as they were coming, up Summer Hill, and crossing over kept on the left hand side ; the consequence was, he slipped down a steep place and received some inward hurt, of which he died. He had opened a music shop on Cork Hill, and afterwards had a coffee house in Essex Street called " Sam's Coffee-house," both much

 

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encouraged and frequented." O'Keefe does not give the date of Sam Lee's death, but it must have occurred sometime near 1775 or 1777. Michael Kelly also in his "Reminiscences," vol. I, p. 8, incidentally speaks of " honest Sam Lee (father to Mr. Lee, who now keeps a music shop in Dublin) as being a celebrated violinist." Sam Lee published a great deal of music, and after his death was succeeded by Anne Lee, evidently his widow. She kept on the same shop and continued publishing, being, no doubt, aided by her younger son, Edmond Lee. She was in business at No. 2, Dame Street until after 1781. Meanwhile, John Lee, the elder son, seems, on the death of his father, to have set up on his own account, and was, about 1777, at 64, Dame Street, opposite George Lane, issuing sheet music equally well engraved with that of his father. About 1780 he removed to different premises in the same street. No. 70, at the corner of Eustace Street. His sheet and half-sheet songs with this imprint are very numerous, and many are songs in the operas then current in England. He was at 70, Dame Street in 1791, and doubtless also some years later.

Before 1788, Anne Lee has either died or handed over her shop to Edmond Lee, and the two brothers published many works with a mutual imprint, and others each with their individual one. Edmond Lee must have been the survivor of the two, for I find music with his name attached which must have been printed in the first five or six years of the 19th century. The Lee family, besides sheet and half-sheet song music, published several collections. One, which has the imprint of John Lee, being a collection of Cardan's Airs. I think it likely that this was first engraved for Sam Lee, as a re-publication of an earlier .edition, and so possibly with regard to an oblong folio gathering of Jackson's Irish Tunes, which has Edmund Lee's imprint.

 

S. Lee

 

C. 1767-8 Oh, why should I sorrow, sung by Miss Catley, in Cymon [1767] ..published by Sam Lee, at his music shop. No. 1, in Dame Street, near Parliament Street.

C. 1767-8 Oh why will you call me again, a particular favourite song in Cymon. .(same imprint).

C 1767-8 Tell me cruel Cupid, a favourite song on Love in the City [1767] .. (many other half-sheet songs from "Cymon,"

" The Golden Pippin " [1573] , and other operas).

C 1775-6 The favourite song sung by Sr. Harry Muff in the last new opera of the Rival Candidates [1775] . .S. Lee, 2, Dame Street.

 

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Anne Lee

C. 1776 Isaac Mendora, the Jew's song in the new favourite opera of Duenna [1776] ... published by Anne Lee, No. 2, Dame Street.

The Mansion of Peace ; Three remarkable Catches ; A Venetian Duet, and a favourite French Air ; Sweet Poll of Plymouth ; Tally Ho, sung by Miss Wrighton, at Vauxhall ; The Anacreontic Song, as sung at the Crown and Anchor Tavern (To Anacreon in Heaven), etc., etc same imprint.

C. 1781-2 Here in cool grot and mossy cell, the last new glee which gained the prize medal, composed by the late Earl of Mornington published by Anne Lee, in Dame St., No. 2.

The Glee gained the prize medal of 1779, and Lord Mornington died in 1781. This sheet was one of many single catches and glees, published singly and in collections. One of the collections is: "A new edition of the Gentleman's Catch Book, being a selection of the most admired catches from every former production Anne Lee, No. 2, Dame Street, near the Royal Exchange."

 

John Lee

 

C. 1778 Sweep Chimney, a favourite new catch, sung at Vauxhall .. ..published by John Lee, No. 64, Dame Street; What bard, oh Time, sung by Louise in the new opera. The Duenna ; Miss Jameson's Hunting Song, sung with so much applause at the Rotunda ; The second new Scotch Ballad, introduced by Miss Catley, in Cymon, etc., etc., half-sheet songs (same imprint).

C. 1780 The Favourite Scotch Rondo, sung by Miss Jameson at the Rotunda, 1778, composed by Hook .. published by John Lee, No. 70, Dame Street ; Mille Aifetti, etc., etc., with a. great quantity of other English and Foreign pieces, songs from operas, etc , all having same imprint, of various dates.

C. 1791 A Smile from the Girl of my heart, sung in the Woodman [1791].... Dublin, published by John Lee, No. 70, Dame Street, the corner of Eustace Street.

C. 1780 A Favourite Collection of the so much admired Irish Tunes, the original and genuine composition of Carolan, the celebrated Irish Bard, set for the harpsichord, violin, and German flute Dublin, published by John Lee, at his new music shop, the corner of Eustace Street, in Dame Street, No. 70. .folio, p.p. 28.

C. 1781 A Pocket Book for the German flute or violin, containing an agreeable variety of the newest and most esteemed airs, duets, and songs .... same imprint, small oblong, 4 volumes, contains a quick step for the year 1781.

 

John and Edmond Lee

 

C. 1788-9 The Branch of the Willow, in the new opera of Marian [1788] ; Patty Clover, and other pieces from the same opera ..published by John and Edmond Lee, Dame Street, Dublin

 

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Haydn's 12 Celebrated Ballads published by John and Edmond Lee, at No. 70 and No. 2, Dame Street. (In the copy I have seen, Edmond's name and address is imperfectly erased.)

 

Edmond Lee

 

C. 1790 Jackson's Celebrated Irish Tunes .. Dublin, published by Edmond Lee, No. 2, Dame Street, near the Royal Exchange, oblong folio. {Glen} (This was probably originally issued by Sam Lee and re-printed from the old plates by his son.)

Country Dances for 1796. Culwick.

C. 1804 E. Lee's Collection of Country Dances for the present year, folio, p.p. 12.

C. 1805-6 Green grow the Rashes, a celebrated Scots song, arranged by Doer. Haydn. Many other half-sheet songs.

 

Logier, J. B. lohann Bernard Logier was the son and grandson of German musicians. He was born about 1780 and came to England when he was ten years of age. He studied the flute and pianoforte and near the year 1796 married the daughter of a military bandmaster named Willman, following the regiment to Ireland. He thus became connected with military music and composed a good deal of this class, which (it being war time) was much in request. About 1814 he settled down as an organist at Westport in Ireland, and now turned his attention to the pianoforte and the best method of teaching it. He invented and patented (1814) an instrument which he named the " Chiroplast," and by this he is now best remembered. It was a sort of pianoforte fetter in which the victim's wrists and fingers were held during practice ; the wrists were permitted to move sideways by a sliding motion on a rod. This drastic treatment was supposed to produce a correct position of the hands. The "chiroplast" is now dead and buried, but the instrument and his method of instruction at one time had its advocates. In 1821, a Major Hawker sought to give a similar result by a " Royal patent handmould," which, formed either of wood or hard leather, was affixed to the palm of each hand.

Logier seems to have kept a music shop, at one time, in Dublin, at 27, Lower Sackville Street, from whence he issued sheet music as " The admired air of Paddy Carey Dublin, published at I. B. Logier's, 27, Lower Sackville Street, circa 1810. There are also other sheets of like character.

 

McCalley, John. His address was 33, Moore Street, and he published sheet music from about 1785 onwards towards the beginning of the century.

 

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Among others with his imprint is : " Calipip, in the French opera of Tarara " ; " The New Serenade " (Arise my sleeping fair) ; " What though a swain of good renown," etc.

 

McCullah, K. He issued "A Collection of Irish Airs for the flute, violin, or flageolet, arranged as duets or solos, 3 vols. ...Dublin, published by E. McCullagh, 1. Royal Arcade," 12mo., circa 1820. About this date also there is a series of half-sheet Scottish Songs sold singly, but probably afterwards gathered into a volume.

(C.G.P.Ed.There is an erratum at the end of this book as follows:-

"215--McCullah should be McCullagh. Leeds : Printed by Leathley & Angus, Wade Street, "

The meaning of this erratum is not clear to me so I have not fully incorporated it into the 'McCullah' entry.)

 

McDonnell. A. music seller and occasional publisher at the end of the eighteenth century. One half-sheet song is : " Geordie Jenkins, an admired original ballad, as sung by Mr. Spray, with great applause, composed by T. A. Geary... Dublin, published by McDonnell, at his pianoforte and music warehouse. No. 2, Church Lane, College Gn.," circa 1800. Dr. Culwick furnishes another imprint for the overture to the " Turnpike Gate " [1799], " 2, Church Lane, and 28, Nassau Street."

 

McLean. A music seller and publisher of sheet music, etc., who, about 1810-15, kept a shop at No. 10, Bachelors' Walk. Besides a good deal of the ordinary class of sheet music he published a copy of Bunting's first [1796] collection with the imprint, " Dublin, published at McLean's Musical Circulating Library, 10, Bachelors' Walk," and a small flute book with the same imprint. "The Amateur's Companion, being a rare selection of Irish and Scotch Melodies, arranged in a familiar style for the pipes, flute, flageolet, and violin," oblong 8vo, 3 volumes.

 

Mainwaring, W. An early Dublin music seller, with a shop in College Green. His name is found on the imprint of several English and Scottish musical publications. One of these is Bremner's edition of Pasquall's " Thorough Bass," Edinburgh, (1757), which is, by the title page, sold also by J. Walsh, and J. Johnson, London, and W. Mainwaring, Dublin. Among the books formerly belonging to the Sacred Harmonic Society, now in the possession of the Royal College of Music, is '.- " The Ladies' Amusement, being a new collection of songs, ballads, etc., with symphonies and thorough bass, by John F. Lampe, Dublin, printed by James Hoey, for the author, and sold at Mr. Mainwaring's musick shop, in College Green, and at Mr. Johnson's, musick seller, in Cheapside," folio, title printed, music engraved. There are other works which also bear his name either as publisher or salesman.

 

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Mountain, Henry. Was an Irish violinist of ability.

 

His name is attached to an arrangement of a glee published by Elizabeth Rhames. There is a slight notice of him in Kelly's " Reminiscences," volume I, p. 8, and it appears that his son was leader of the band at Covent Garden, and his son's wife the well known vocalist, Mrs. Mountain. Henry Mountain was in business as a music seller towards the end of the eighteenth century at 20, Whitefriar Street. This was about 1785 to 1790; near this latter date he removed to 44, Grafton Street. He published sheet and half-sheet songs from the operas of the " Highland Reel," 1788 ; " No Song, no Supper," etc., and the pantomime " The Hermit of the Rocks." A publication with the address 20, Whitefriar Street, is " The Gentleman's Catch Book, dedicated by permission to the Hibernian Catch Club by their most humble servant, Henry Mountain."

 

Neale. The Neale's so far as can be ascertained, were the first important music publishers in Ireland, and much mystery surrounds them, for publications bearing their imprint are of the utmost rarity. Up to present I know definitely of but six examples a volume in the National Library, Dublin, which consists of five separate works bound together, and a folio in my own collection. I have to thank Mr. Alfred Moffat, the author of " The Minstrelsy of Ireland " and other valuable works, for first drawing my attention to the former, and to Dr. Culwick, of Dublin, for interesting transcripts. Bunting makes mention (in the preface to the 1840 edition of his Irish music, p. 4,) of three Irish collection?, " One by Burke Thumoth in 1720, ( Burke Thumoth's Irish, Scotch, and English Airs, in two books, octavo, were published by John Simpson, of Sweeting's Alley., London, certainly not much earlier than 1740 (probably four or five years later), and although there are later, yet I know of no earlier edition) another by Neill, of Christ Church Yard soon after, and a third by Carolan's son, patronised by Dean Delany, about 1747." Petrie, in his Irish work, also appears to refer to the same work, for on page 150 he says that Bunting had passed over a certain tune of Carolan's " which appears in Neal's collection of the works of that composer, published in their author's life-time, for though that work is now of the most extreme rarity, I have reason to believe that a copy of it was in Bunting's possession." Again on p. 157, Petrie says " I found this air in one of the rare collections of Carolan's Tunes published during their author's lifetime, namely, that of Burke Thumoth, the date of which, according to Bunting, is 1720." At p. 39, he again says : " The tune has been taken from that very rare publication of Carolan's compositions published by O'Neill, of Christ Church Yard, Dublin, about the

 

217

 

year 1721." It is pretty evident, from these extracts, that both Bunting and Petrie had access to a collection of Carolan's compositions, but it is strange that in every instance the spelling of the name of the publisher varies, and none of their spellings coincide with the one engraved on the existing Neale publications. Nor is any definite title vouchsafed, or reason for fixing the date at about 1720. As this collection (or collections) is frequently included in lists of early Irish musical publications, seemingly from no other source than from those above referred to, it would be of the utmost interest to students of Irish music to have full title and description of contents, should Bunting's or Petrie's copies be still in existence. Failing this the early publication of Carolan's tunes and the date of their first appearance in print must remain in a state of very unsatisfactory uncertainty. The volume in my own library is in small folio, and printed on one side of the paper only, its title is " The whole Musick and Songs of the second part of the Beggar's Opera," and the imprint : " Dublin, printed and sold by John and William Neale, in Christ Church Yard," the music is well engraved, and clearly printed ; the page following the title-page gives an engraved catalogue of books, printed and sold by Mr. Neale. Besides the " Second part of the Beggar's Opera," [i.e. "Polly," 1729] , there are the operas " Faustus," and " Merlin." The former was acted in 1723, and the latter, which may be " Merlin, or the Devil of Stonehenge," 1734, or " Merlin, or the British Inchanter and King Arthur," 1736, as both these were musical pieces. The style of the engraving of the book and the likelihood that such a piece as " Merlin " would lose its popularity quickly, all tend to point that this copy must, have been published by Neale some years before 1740. The five volumes in the Dublin library are a book of "Country Dances"; a first and second collection of " Airs performed at the Theatre"; a collection of opera airs for the violin ; and an edition of the " Beggar's Opera," all in small oblong, with the imprint as given above, and apparently contemporary in date.

Mr. Wm. H. Grattan Flood (M.R.I. A.), informs me that he has some remembrance of an edition of Allan Ramsay's " Tea Table Miscellany," with engraved music dated 1729 published by the Neale family. This may be a Dublin re-print of the work mentioned at page 182

The Neales, or the successor of them, built, and opened on the 2nd of October, 1741, "The New Musick Hall," in Fishshamble Street (holding 600), where concerts, were held, and which was afterwards used by a musical society with the Earl of Mornington for president. It was here that Handel's " Messiah," was first publicly performed. " Faulkner's Journal," Dec. 26th, 1741, quoted in Schcelcher's " Life of Handel," says : " Last Wednesday, Mr. Handel had his first oratorios at Mr. Neal's Music Hall, in Fishshamble Street, to a most

 

218

 

grand, polite, and crowdet" audience," and in the same Journal of the 23rd and 27th March, 1742, there is advertised "the first performance of the Messiah, at the Musick Hall, Fish- shamble Street. Tickets to be had at the Musick Hall, and at Mr. Neal's in Christchurch Yard." This is the latest date I have yet discovered for Neale, an examination of the early Dublin papers would no doubt reveal some interesting particulars regarding the Neales. The following are the titles of the above mentioned Neale publications :

 

The Whole Musick and Songs of the Second Part of the Beggar's Opera, sett with basses proper for the violin, German flute, harpsicord, or spinnet, carefully corrected from the London edition Dublin, printed and sold by John and William Neale, in Christ Church Yard, where may be had all the new peices as they come out in London . . Note : They have choice of English Fidles, small folio.

A Choice Collection of Country Dances, with their proper tunes, whereof many never before published, and in an easier method to be understood than ever yet printed Dublin, printed and sold by lohn and William Neal, in Christ Church Yard, small oblong.

A Set of the most Cellebrated Airs and Playhouse Tunes performed at the Theatre John and William Neale, small oblong.

A Second Collection (English Airs and Minuets), with several airs out of the late operas of Othello, Julius Caesar, Vespasian, and Rodelinda. . (same imprint), small oblong.

A Third Collection for the Violin of the newest English Airs and Minuets, with several of the most favourite songs out of the latest operas, .(same imprint), small oblong.

The Whole Music of the Songs in the Beggar's Opera.. (same imprint), small oblong.

The following list of "Books, printed and sold by Mr. Neale" is contained in the small folio of the " Second part of the Beggar's Opera.' For the Violin.

A Book of English Airs and Minuets, with directions for learners.

A Book of Scotch Tunes.

A Book of Irish Tunes.

The Songs and Dances in Faustus.

A Second Collection of English Airs and Minuets, with

The Songs and Dances in Merlin.

A Collection of ye most Cellebrated Playhouse Tunes, with basses.

A Book of ye Choicest Country Dances.

A Third Collection of English Airs and Minuets, with basses.

The Beggar's Opera.

 

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A Colection of English Songs.

A Colection of Scoth Songs.

A Second Colection of Country Dances.

The Second Part of ye Beggar's Opera. For the Flute.

A Book of English Airs and Minuets, with directions for learners.

A Collection of Irish and Scotch Tunes.

A Second Collection of English Airs and Minuets.

The Rudiments or principles of the German Flute.

Some of the above will be recognised with those in the Dublin library. They each, with one exception, are priced at 2s. 8d.

 

Powell, Samuel. He was an early Dublin printer, who, in a book of Sacred Songs, employed musical notation set up in moveable type. Dr. Culwick, of Dublin, possesses a copy of this rare work, the title being : " Cantiques Sacrez pour les principales solemnitez Chretiennes a Dublin chez... Samuel Powell, 1748," 12mo. The work was published for the use of the Huguenots then living in Dublin. Gilbert, in his " History of Dublin," says that the productions from Powell's press excel those of his contemporaries. He lived in Crane's Court, but in 1762 removed to Dame Street. He died in 1772.

 

Power Wm. The brothers, William and James Power, were in business as music sellers at 4, Westmoreland Street in the first few years of the nineteenth century. In 1807 James Power removed to London and William Power kept on the Dublin business under the name, Wm. Power & Co. The brothers published works in common, their famous publication being Moore's " Irish Melodies." The imprints of the first six numbers of this give the two names, but in all copies of the seventh (1818), and onwards, I have seen, James Power is the sole publisher. After 1817-18 the London brother, James, seems to have severed his connections with Dublin, and it also appears from his name alone being present on the later impressions of the Melodies, that he alone held the copyright. James Power and afterwards his widow held the sole right of publishing musical settings to Thomas Moore's words. William Power's name as at 4, Westmoreland Street is in the Dublin Directory for 1826-7, The following, with many other works, besides sheet music have his imprint.

C. 1810 A General Collection of Ancient Irish Music. .E. Bunting, Dublin, published and sold at Wm. Power's music warehouse, 4, Westmoreland Street.. and at I. Power's music and instrument warehouse, 34, Strand, London, folio (re-print of the 1796 edition).

 

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C. 1812 A Selection of Scottish Melodies .... Words by Horace Twiss, Esq. , folio (similar imprint) .

1817 A Selection of British Melodies with symphonies .... by Mr. Clifton, and appropriate words by John F. M, Dovaston. Dublin, published at W. Power's music warehouse, 4, Westmoreland Street, and sold at J. Power's music warehouse, 34, Strand, folio, volume first only, dated in preface, 1817.

Moore's Irish Melodies ; first six numbers . . W. Power, Dublin, and James Power, London, folio.

C. 1820 A Selection of Oriental Melodies, with symphonies and accompaniments, by Sir John Stevenson, Mus. Doc, and characteristic words by Thomas E. Power Dublin, published by William Power, folio.

On the back covers of this is a list of "New Publications by W- Power." It includes the 7th number of the Melodies, Moore's ' National Airs," and his " Sacred Songs," all of which, so far as I have seen, bear the imprint of James Power solely : it is possible that William simply sold them.

 

Rhames. Like the Lee's, they were another family of Dublin music sellers during the latter half of the eighteenth century. Benjamin Rhames was established at the sign of the "Sun," at 16, Upper Blind Quay," about or before 1770. He published half-sheet music and was succeeded in the business by his widow, Elizabeth, before 1775, at the same address. She issued sheet and half-sheet music in the same style and at the same address, but later her address stands as 16, Exchange Street. Gilbert's " Dublin " tells us, however, that about 1776, Upper Blind Quay, in consequence of its evil repute, had its name altered to Exchange Street. Elizabeth Rhames was succeeded by her son, Francis Rhames, probably near the year 1790-5, and about the year 1811 Paul Alday took over the business and premises.

 

Benjamin Rhames

C. 1770-5 The Morning Fresh, set for the harpsichord. .. .Dublin, published and sold by Benjamin Rhames, at the Sun, on the Upper Blind Quay, folio half-sheet.

A Favourite Hunting Song. .(Let the Slave of Ambition), by T. Giordani . . (same imprint) . . and other half-sheet songs,

 

Elizabeth Rhames

 C. 1775-6 Alas 'tis in vain. .Dublin, printed by Elizabeth Rhames No. 16, Upper Blind Quay, where she means to carry on the music business.

C. 1777 A Song in the new Comedy of the School for Scandal (Here's to the maiden of lovely fifteen) ; also other sheet and half-sheet songs from the operas : " Fair American " (1782) ; "Robin Hood" (-1784) ; "Marian" (1788), etc., with the imprint and address 16, Exchange Street.

 

221

 

C. 1778 Sr Hugh P r, or the accuser defeated by his own evidence, a half-sheet song relating to the accusation of Admiral Keppel by Sir Hugh Palliser in 1778. Songs on the same subject were printed by several other music publishers. To fill up the present sheet, has it Jackson's "Morning Brush," arranged as a Country Dance. Other half-sheets are various glees.

C 1780 Twelve Canzonets ...composed and dedicated to Mrs. Pitt by J. A, Stevenson, M.D., opera 4 Dublin, printed for the author by E. Rhames, at her musical circulating library, 16, Exchange Street, oblong folio.

F. Rhames published sheet music and a series of country dances on folio half-sheets, circa 1805.

 

Rice, John. A publisher of half-sheet songs printed on the usual thin paper most Dublin publisher affected. His first address was probably No. 13, Dame Street, but in 1778 he was at 53, Dame Street, and at a later date at 5, College Green. The following are some half-sheet songs with his imprint.

C. 1775 The Country Cousin ; (My Cousin from the Country came).. I. Rice, No. 13, Dame Street.

C. 1778 The Seige of Gibralter, a favourite new song [1778].... John Rice, 53, Dame Street.

By my sighs ; Come Hope thou Queen of endless sighs

The admired song of Nothing at all ; How d'ye do ; and other half-sheet songs (same imprint).

C. 1781-5 Come, come my jolly lads, in Robinson Crusoe [1781].. John Rice, harpsichord and pianoforte maker, No. 5, College Green.

 

Southwell, J. His address about 1800 was 17, Earl Street. He published sheet music, among which is " Life let us cherish, a favourite ballad, com- posed by W. A. Mozart... Dublin, published by J. Southwell, at the pianoforte and music warehouse, No. 17, Earl Street, near Sackville Street.

 

Stokes, Joshua. music seller in the latter part of the eighteenth century, with a shop in Dame Street, opposite Eustace Street. This may have been the shop afterwards taken by John Lee, then No. 70, for the numbering of Dame Street seems to have undergone several changes. Some of Stoke's half-sheet songs are :

C. 1780 Castle Berry, composed by C. Dibdin, sung by Mr. Bannister in the Metamorphoses [1776]. .Dublin, Joshua Stokes, Dame Street, opposite Eustace Street, No. 24.

C. 1781-2 Rise beauteous flower.. sung by Mrs. Johnston in the Lord of the Manor [1781]. .same imprint.

 

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C. 1781 What Posies and Roses, .sung in the Agreeable Surprise [1781].. Joshua Stokes, 13, Dame Street.

The Lover's Toast ; O Nanny wilt thou fly from me ; Say Shepherd have you seen my fair ; The Monstrous good song sung by Miss Palmer at the Rotunda; The Killmain Volunteer, etc., imprints, Joshua Stokes, 24, Dame Street.

 

Thornton, Robert. Mr. E. R. McClintock Dix, of Dublin, kindly forwards me a discovery he has just made which brings music engraving and publishing to an early date in Dublin. In the Marsh Library, St. Patrick's, Dublin, there is a tract : " Copies of Two Papers written by the late King Charles II,'' printed by Joseph Ray, and dated 1686. It has two titlepages identical with each other, and between these is a bookseller's advertisement, of which the following is a portion :

" Books printed for and sold by Robert Thornton, book- seller, at the sign of the Leather Bottle, in Skinner Row The Choicest New Songs, with Musical Notes, either for voice or instrument, fairly engraven on copper plates, will be constantly printed and sold at Twopence. A song by the said Robert Thornton."

The above implies that the popular half-sheet song, such as Thomas Cross engraved, was not unknown in Dublin in the latter part of the seventeenth century and also that music engraving was practiced in that city. The Robert Thornton above named first appears as a bookseller, but later, in 1691-2, he was also a printer.

 

Walker. Published near the end of the 18th century, " The Hibernian Magazine" ; with this were given musical supplements printed from moveable type songs, country dances, etc.

 

White, Luke. He was the printer of the first edition of the well known work " Historical Memoirs of the Irish Bards, by Joseph C. Walker... Dublin, printed for the author by Luke White, No. 85, Dame Street, 1786," quarto. This work contains engraved musical plates ; it was re-published in 2 volumes, octavo, in 1818.

 

Willis, Isaac. A music seller and publisher who took, about 1820, the premises 7, Westmoreland Street, which had been formerly held by .Goulding & Knevitt. He rapidly developed a large business, and had an agent in London for his trade there. About 1825 he removed to London and with partners under the name Willis & Co., did a large business, still keeping on his Dublin premises. While in Dublin he published a great quantity of the usual sheet music and several books of songs by T. Haynes Bayly. One of these works is " Miniature Lyrics, the poetry by Thos. Haynes Bayly, the airs composed or selected by Sir J. Stevenson Dublin, published by L Willis, music seller and pianoforte maker to the King," oblong folio, volume 1, preface dated 1823. Volume 11 followed next year, and volume in, probably in 1825, was published with the London address. (See London Section).

 

Wogan, P. Dr. Culwick favours me with the; title of the following work in his library, "High Mass and Solemn Vespers, as sung in most of the different Roman Catholic Chapels throughout the United Kingdom, '2nd edition... Dublin, printed by P. Wogan, No. 15, Lower Ormond Quay."

 

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Appendix

Instead of a full imprint the London publishers (especially on half -sheet music) frequently merely stamped their initials on the lower portion of the plate, as wider :

 

LB -John Bland.

R.Br. -Robert Bremner.

Rd. Be -Richard Bride,

I.D. -Joseph Dale.

PE -P. Evans.

Ino F or  I: F: or I F_ m -John Fentum.

Ka F_ m -Catherine Fentum.

P.H -P. Hodgson.

JJ -John Johnston.

LB or L&B -Longman & Broderip.

LL&B -Longman, Lukey, & Broderip.

W N -William Napier.

A P -A. Portal.

JP -John Preston.

W R -Wm. Randall.

I R -John Rutherford.

Sk: -T. Skillern.

GS -George Smart.

St: -T. Straight.

St: & Sk -Straight & Skillern.

cTs -Charles & Samuel Thompson.

ST/AP -Samuel, Ann, & Peter Thompson.

I:G -J. & G. Vogler.

P W -Peter Welcker.

M W -Maurice Whitaker.

 

F.K.* * Since the foregoing sheets have been worked of the following

additional matter has come to hand, or found to have been accidentally

omitted :

[C.G.P.Ed. The material FK referred to has been removed and incorporated into the body of the digital edition, as have FK's errata]

 

Finis.

 

Leeds: Printed by Leathley & Angus, Wade St.

ENTERED AT STATIONERS' HALL



(C.G.P. Ed. - End of Part 3 of transcription, and End of Book)


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